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Orán Department, Salta Province, Argentina

Last modified: 2021-12-24 by rob raeside
Keywords: orán department | salta province | argentina |
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San Ramón de la Nueva Orán Municipality

[Oran municipal flag] image by Ivan Sache, 19 May 2017

The municipality of San Ramón de la Nueva Orán, usually known as Orán (82,413 inhabitants in 2010, therefore the second most populated municipality in the province) is located in the north of the Salta Province, 30 km south of the border with Bolivia.

San Ramón de la Nueva Orán was founded on 31 August 1794 by Ramón García de León y Pizarro (1745-1815), Governor of the Salta Province (1789-1796). The founder named the town for a Catalan Mercedarian monk, St. Raymond Nonnatus (1204-1240, canonized in 1657 by Pope Alexander VII), celebrated the 31 August, and for the town of Oran - in today's Algeria -, where he was born on 31 August 1745.

The flag of Orán is vertically divided celestial blue-white-green with an emblem representative of the town in the middle. The vertical stripes are separated by a thin orange-yellow fimbriation. The flag, selected among 20 proposals in a public contest. was designed by Ceferino Zárate, President of the Tinkunak community. The flag was inaugurated on 31 August 2016.

Celestial blue represents the limpid sky over Orán. White is a symbol of purity and of the feeling of the inhabitants, incorporating the industrial, sociological and cultural processes. Green represents the vegetation and the jungle characteristic of the area. Yellow is the colour of the sun, which could not have been omitted.

The central emblem incorporates, within a black circle, a pot, a tree, a sun, mountains, and a jaguar. Beneath, two laurel boughs represent triumph.

Ivan Sache, 19 May 2017