Only five Canadian provinces have counties: Quebec, Ontario and the Maritimes
(New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island). British Columbia has Regional
districts. While working on NAVA's Canadian municipal
flags project, this caused confusion in at least one case: Alberta has some "counties",
though these are large rural municipalities, not another level of administration.
The situation is indeed less complex in other provinces, because Quebec is the
largest, second most populated province, has vast northern territories, and has
the oldest settlement history. Luc Baronian, April 23, 2005