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National Olympic Committee [NOC] (China)

Last modified: 2023-07-22 by ian macdonald
Keywords: olympics | olympic rings | flag on a flag |
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China National Olympic Committee image by Željko Heimer, 10 August 2008
Source: Atlas of Flags in China

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Description of the flag

It is captioned in the book Flag of China Olympic Games but I guess that this is sligly off translation instead of the Chinese Olympic Committee, i.e. the Chinese National Olympic Committee.

The flag is white with the emblem in the middle consisting of the national flag of PR China (red with five yellow stars in the usual pattern) above the five Olympic rings.
Željko Heimer, 10 August 2008

The Chinese Olympic Committee (中国奥林匹克委员会, abbreviated as 中国奥委会) has been the officially designated body of the People's Republic of China (PRC) regarding the Olympic Games and other affiliated international sport federations since 1979.

The following timeline concerns the different names and principal events concerning recognition of the ROC (Republic of China) Olympic team:

1910: The "Chinese National Olympic Committee, CNOC" (中國奧林匹克委員會) is created to represent China's interests in Olympic Games activities.
1922: The IOC recognized this NOC (National Olympic Committee), when direct relations between China and the IOC began in April, when the China National Amateur Athletic Federation (CNAAF) was established and later on, during the 21st IOC Session convened in Paris, further measures were taken down this path.
1924: In August, the China National Amateur Athletic Federation was replaced by the All-China Athletic Association, the first national sports organisation in the country staffed entirely by the Chinese. The new association still took “China National Amateur Athletic Federation” as its official English name.
1931: the IOC recognised the CNAAF as the Chinese Olympic Committee (COC).
1932: ROC (Republic of China) competes in the Olympics for the first time as "China".
1949: After the founding of the People’s Republic of China in October
1949, the CNAAF was reorganised as the All-China Sports Federation to continue the functions of the Chinese Olympic Committee (COC).
1951: The Chinese National Olympic Committee moves from Nanking to Taipei.
1951: The PRC Chinese National Olympic Committee is organized.
1952: The PRC Chinese National Olympic Committee is invited to the Olympics for the first time, during the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. Only one athlete, Wu Chuanyu, a swimmer, was able to participate, given that the Committee "was accepted for affiliation a mere two days before the opening of the Games". (source: ).
1954: The IOC during its 49th Session in Athens in May, adopts a resolution officially recognizing the he All-China Sports Federation as the "中国奥林匹克委员会" (English: Chinese Olympic Committee) from the People's Republic of China (PRC). The PRC is invited to the (1956) Melbourne (Summer Olympic) Games, and organizes a delegation, but withdraws in protest of the two Chinas issue since the IOC recognized two National Olympic Committees (NOCs) within one country.
1958: in August the PRC withdraws from the Olympic movement and from the federations governing Olympic sports.
Between 1956 and 1979, athletes of Chinese Taipei were the only ones to be allowed to compete in Olympic competitions.
In 1971, China resumed its seat in the United Nations, followed by a visit of then U.S. President to the country (1972), effectively removing China as a Cold War foe. In 1974, China participated for the first time in the Asian Games.
1979: In November, the IOC officially recognizes the PRC Chinese Olympic Committee as the representative body for "China" under the Chinese Communist Party rule, through the "Nagoya Resolution" (after a meeting in the city) which also mandated for the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee to be recognized with a changed flag, emblem and anthem, by the IOC as a regional sports organisation of China. The ROC Chinese Olympic Committee is then officially renamed the "Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee" after a series of legal disputes (1979-1981).

So all in all, the Committee is recognized to be founded in 1910, the formal organization is established in 1951 (operational in 1952) and it became an affiliate of the IOC in 1979.
Sources: and

In addition to the official logo of the Olympic Committee, there's also a commercial logo in use: "the commercial emblem of the Chinese Olympic Committee is a commercial emblem specially provided to Olympic sponsors and licensed companies in the process of commercial promotion. In March 2001, with the approval of the International Olympic Committee, the Chinese Olympic Committee officially launched the commercial emblem of the five rings of the Great Wall. The launch of the emblem not only facilitates the publicity of the Chinese Olympic Committee brand, but also enriches the return rights of relevant sponsors. In order to more accurately reflect the new brand positioning of the Chinese Olympic Committee, better spread the brand concept of the Chinese Olympic Committee, further clarify the brand image of the Chinese Olympic Committee among the public, and at the same time, better cooperate with Olympic sponsors and licensees for commercial use of enterprises, the Chinese Olympic Committee began to design a new commercial emblem in 2007. After the unremitting efforts of all parties, the design work was finally completed when the 2008 Beijing (Summer) Olympic Games was approaching, and it was approved by the Chinese Olympic Committee, as well as the International Olympic Committee. The emblem will replace the five-ring emblem of the Great Wall previously used by the Chinese Olympic Committee from May 8, 2008 onwards. The new emblem more accurately reflects the vision of the Chinese Olympic Committee to promote the Olympic Movement and the concept of "delivering dreams and advancing hand in hand". In order to support the joint promotion of the Olympic Movement by corporate partners more effectively. In the century-old history of the Olympic Movement, dreams have always been passed on from generation to generation. Whether it is generation after generation of outstanding athletes, or batch after batch of people who believe in Olympic values and contribute their talents and efforts to this end, among them, Motivate each other, they grow together. The design of the new emblem shows a distinctive image of China with unique Chinese red and yellow, and its inspiration comes from the surging, endless power of transmission. The two red semi-rings written with Chinese calligraphy brushstrokes are connected end to end, and they are integrated, which symbolizes the mutual encouragement of dreams among everyone, and symbolizes the endless development and transmission of the Olympic spirit in China. The five beating stars are dotted on the ring, and the shape is active and high-spirited. It not only shows the healthy and progressive spirit of China's outstanding athletes, but also implies that all walks of life in China work together to deliver the Olympic dream."
Sources:, and

China National Olympic Committee image located by Esteban Rivera, 8 June 2023
image from the original located at, source:

China National Olympic Committee image located by Esteban Rivera, 8 June 2023

Image from the original located at: In the official description of the new (or rather, alternate) logo a "centennial" since the Committee was retroactively recognized to have been established in 1910, when the first National School District Team First Athletic League Meeting, referred to as "National Athletic Games", during the "Continental era" (as locally addressed) encompassing the current People's Republic of China and the Republic of China
Source:, held between October 18 and 22, the very first nationwide relevant sports event were first held and later became the National Games of the Republic of China, currently only a Taiwanese event (source: reference is made as one of the main reasons for it to be created.
Thus, this might also be called not only "new marketing (commercial) logo" (official denomination) but also "centennial" and/or "commemorative" logo (inferred).

For additional information go to (China's) Olympic (official website):

Esteban Rivera, 8 June 2023