Last modified: 2011-06-10 by jarig bakker
Keywords: baden-württemberg | stuttgart | landeshauptstadt stuttgart | stadt stuttgart | coat of arms (horse: forcene) | coat of arms (horse: black) |
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by Stefan Schwoon
Coat-of-arms adopted 11th April 1938
Black and yellow with the arms. The arms are canting (German Stute meaning mare). Sources: flag from Staack 1997, arms from Stadler 1964-1971.
Stefan Schwoon, 3 March 2001
From Ralf Hartemink's International Civic Arms website:
Stuttgart became a city in the 13th century and the capital of the Counts of Württemberg in 1312. From the same year the first seal is known. It shows two running horses. The two horses also appear in the two next seals, the lower horse being smaller than the upper one. It has been mentioned that the arms thus showed a horse and a foal, but it is more likely due to the shape of the shield that the lower horse is smaller.
The first seal with a single horse dates from 1433 and is so small, that there simply was no room for two horses. It is the first seal that shows only a single horse. All later seals until the end of the 18th century show a single horse. (...)
In a seal from 1642 the horse is first shown rampant, instead of running. Ever since the horse has been shown this way. A second horse appears again between 1750 and 1820. This time it [is] clearly shown as a foal. This practice was also discontinued in the 1830s. Ever since the arms have not changed.
The horse itself is a canting symbol. Stute = stud, and the name is supposed to have been Stutengarten, or garden of studs. Duke Ludolph of Swabia founded in 950, according to legends, a horse breeding center and riding school on the spot of the present city.
The colour of the horse is known as black since 1490. The field historically was silver, but started to change to gold since 1618 and 1854 to have the same colours as the arms of Württemberg. In between, silver and golden fields are used both. Furthermore, there are many variations of the arms known. First, the horse is sometimes shown facing left, instead [of] right. This was only seen in images, never on seals. The colours were shown in 1599 as red on a unrecognisable dark field. The actual shape of the horse varies widely, according to the style of the painter or sculptor.
The arms were for the first time officially described in 1885 in the present colours and shape. The additions of smaller municipalities has not changed the arms.
Literature: Stadler 1964-1971 and H. Bardua, Stuttgarter Wappen, Ernst Klett, Stuttgart, 1973.
Santiago Dotor, 10 January 2002