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Castilla-La Mancha (Autonomous Community, Spain)

Last modified: 2019-09-16 by ivan sache
Keywords: castilla-la mancha |
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Flag of Castilla-La Mancha , three versions - Images from the SEV website, 2 May 2019

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Presentation of Castilla-La Mancha

The Community of Castilla-La Mancha (2,078,611 inhabitants in 2014; 79,643 km2, therefore the 3rd biggest autonomous community by its area) is located in the center of Spain.
The Autonomy Status of Castilla-La-Mancha is prescribed by Constitutional Law No. 9, adopted on 10 August 1982 and last amended on 22 May 2014 (consolidated text). The capital of Castilla-La Mancha is Toledo (83,459 inh.), once the seat of the Court of Castile. Toledo, however, is only the 4th most populated municipality in the community, after Albacete (172,426 inh.), Talavera de la Reina (84,119 inh.), and Guadalajara (83,633 inh.).

Ivan Sache, 2 May 2019

Flag of Castilla-La Mancha

The flag of Castilla-La Mancha is prescribed by a Decree issued on 11 January 1980 by the Government of Castilla-La Mancha, signed on 25 January 1980 by the President of the Government, and published on 20 October 1980 in the official gazette of Castilla-La Mancha, No. 1, p. 28 (text).
The flag is described as follows:

Article 1. The flag of Castilla-La Mancha shall be adopted with the following description:
Divided from top to bottom into two equal squares; at hoist, on a crimson field, a castle or with three towers masoned in black and with the stones outlined and the ports and windows azure; the second part, plain white.
Article 2. Every Provincial Council and every Municipality in the region shall be offered a regional flag manufactured with adequate material, for joint use with the flag of Spain in public buildings and official ceremonies.

The text was "transferred" to Article 5 of the Autonomy Statutes, as follows:

1. The flag of the Region shall be made of a rectangle vertically divided into two equal squares; the first, at hoist, crimson red, with a castle or masoned sable and port and windows azure, and the second, white.
2. The flag of the Region shall be hoisted on the public buildings of regional, provincial, or municipal rank, and shall be placed beside the flag of Spain, which shall be hoisted at the prominent place; the flag representative of the historical territories can be used, too.
3. The Region of Castilla-La Mancha shall have a proper coat of arms and a proper anthem, to be prescribed by a Law adopted by the Parliament of Castilla-La Mancha.
4. The provinces, districts, and municipalities of the Region shall keep their traditional flags, coats of arms and emblems.

The flag was adopted during the pre-autonomy regime. Different proposals were discussed during a session of the Government held on 11 January 1980 in Albacete; the Government adopted the design originally submitted on 15 December 1977 by Ramón José Maldonado y Cocat (1916-1990; official Chronicler of the town of Almagro and corresponding member of the Royal Academy of History), who also designed most of the municipal coats of arms adopted in the Province of Ciudad Real during the second half of the 20th century.
The description of the flag contributed by its designer is the following:

The flag divided (from top to bottom) into two equal parts. In the part located close to the hoist, the shield or banner [pendón] of Castile, the old kingdom to which all this region belonged, which is: on a field crimson red a castle or with three towers masoned in black (the stones outlined) and port and windows azure. The second part, white, recalling the military orders of Calatrava, Saint James, and Saint John, whose glorious militia conquered, organized and managed La Mancha, and whose banners always were white or red charged with a white St. John's Cross; the towns and places that belonged to the Royal domain are represented in the first quarter of the flag.
[Ramón José Maldonado y Cocat. 1984. La bandera regional y nuevas armas municipales de la provincia de Ciudad Real. Cuadernos de estudios manchegos 15, 303-337]

Accordingly, the prescribed proportions of the flag are 1:2, in contradiction with the general norms followed in Spain and in most of the European countries, which are 2:3. This oddity was corrected de facto, the flags in actual use having the usual proportions (2:3).
[Official website]

There is significant variation in the shade of the flags in official use, from dark pink (photo, photo, photo, photo, video (tribute to the flag's designer in Almagro)) to dark red (photo, photo, photo, photo), through bright red (as for the national flag; photo, photo).

Ivan Sache, 2 May 2019

Coat of arms of Castilla-La Mancha

The coat of arms of Castilla-La Mancha is prescribed by Law No. 1, adopted on 30 June 1983 by the Parliament of Castilla-La Mancha, signed on 5 July by the President of the Government of Castilla-La Mancha, and published on 12 July 1983 in the official gazette of Castilla-La Mancha, No. 15, p. 311 (text.
The coat of arms is described as follows:

Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Gules a castle or port and windows azure masoned sable, 2. Argent. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed [description skipped].

As stated in the aforementioned Law, the official model of the coat of arms is prescribed by Decree No. 132, adopted on 5 July 1983 by the Government of Castilla-La Mancha and published 12 July 1983 in the official gazette of Castilla-La Mancha, No. 15, pp. 311-313 (text).
Article 1 provides a black and white drawing of the coat of arms.
Articles 2 and 3 detail the rules of use and implementation of the new coat of arms, respectively.

The flag is, heraldically speaking, a banner of arms; however, the arms were derived from the flag, which is quite unusual.

Ivan Sache, 2 May 2019