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Castrotierra de Valmadrigal (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2015-01-17 by ivan sache
Keywords: castrotierra de valmadrigal | león |
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Flag of Castrotierra de Valmadrigal - Image by Antonio Gutiérrez (VexiLeón website), 27 January 2011

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Presentation of Castrotierra de Valmadrigal

The municipality of Castrotierra de Valmadrigal (133 inhabitants in 2009; 2,350 ha; tourist guide) is located in the southeast of León Province, 50 km of León.

Castrotierra was mentioned for the first time in 916 in King Ordoño II's testament. The village developed around a castle built on the ruins of a pre-Roman fortress to watch the border with Castile. In 1165, King Ferdinand II signed in Castrotierro a chart granting several local churches to the Bishop of León, in the presence of the Court, including the six bishops of the kingdom, the military governor of León and several counts. In 1168, the king reconquerred the castle from King of Castile Alfonso VIII during their struggle for the control of Tierra del Campos. In 1255, King Alfonso X signed in Palencia, for a reason yet to be discovered, the order of destruction of the castle of Castrotierra. The same year, the king granted a yearly market to the village.
Castrotierra was the capital of the church domain of Valmadrigal, ruled by the Bishops of León, including the villages of Matallana, Castrovega, Gallegos (deserted), Santa Cristina, Pilella (disappeared, of unknown location) and Castrotierra. In 1242, Ferdinand III suppressed the fonsader, which required the villagers to repair the castle, and replaced it with a yearly tax.
In the late 15th century, Juan de Acuña, Duke of Valencia de Don Juan, built a castle in Castrotierra, causing the wrath of the Bishop of León, the nominal owner of the village; the duke was excommunicated by the Cardinal of Santa Práxedes and the Catholic Monarchs were asked to solve the dispute in court.

Ivan Sache, 27 January 2011

Symbols of Castrotierra de Valmadrigal

The flag and arms of Castrotierra de Valmadrigal are prescribed by a Decree adopted on 29 May 2002 by the Municipal Council, signed on the same day by the Mayor, and published on 14 June 2002 in the official gazette of Castilla y León, No. 114, p. 8,021 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular flag with proportions 2:3, horizontally divided into three stripes with proportions 1:2, 1:4 and 1:4, from top to bottom, red with a white castle in the middle, white and green.
Coat of arms: [Per pale] 1. Gules, 2. Argent a castle counterchanged masoned sable port and windows dexter sable and sinister argent ensigned dexter with a Royal crown open or and sinister with a crozier and a mitre gules per saltire. The shield surmounted with a Royal crown closed.

Ivan Sache, 27 January 2011