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Kongunadu political flags (Tamil Nadu), India

Last modified: 2015-08-07 by ian macdonald
Keywords: kongunadu | tamil nadu |
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Introduction - Kongunadu

Kongunadu, or Kongu Nadu, is the western part of Tamil Nadu state. Chief cities are Coimbatore (the second largest city in the state), Erode, Salem, Karur and Namakkal. The region is one of the most developed parts of Tamil Nadu, with the highest urban proportion in the state, and contributes 2/3 of the state revenue, but is thought to be often ignored by the government, which led to formation of regional political organizations. The initiatives for these have been coming from Kongu Vellalar, members of Gounder caste (Kshatriya landlords), who were dominant in the region for centuries and still form the major part of local elite.
Source: Wikipedia page about Kongunadu:

Kongu Vellalar Goundarkal Peravai

[Kongu Vellalar Goundarkal Peravai Flag] image by Tomislav Todorovic, 1 March 2011

Kongu Vellalar Goundarkal Peravai is/was the political organization of the Gounder caste. Its flag is a green-red horizontal bicolor with aspect ratio of 2:3. Two such flags with crossed staffs were used as the logo at the website of the organization (link broken):

The site seems to have been closed down not very long after Kongu Vellalar Goundarkal Peravai founded the political party named Kongunadu Munnetra Peravai. The party founding conference on 2009-02-15 seems to have been one of the last occasions on which the described flag was seen. The gallery of photos from the event can be seen here: It is possible that the organization no longer exists, having dissolved itself completely into the new party, because no other appearances of its flag can be found on the Web. The flag design was probably the basis for that of the party flag (see below).

Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam

[Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam Flag]  [Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam Flag] images by Tomislav Todorovic, 1 March 2011

Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam was founded on 2009-02-15 under the name of Kongunadu Munnetra Peravai and its present name was adopted in 2010. Although founded by the Kongu Vellalar Goundarkal Peravai, a Gounder caste organization, it intends to represent all the people of Kongunadu, regardless of the caste. The party flag is a green-red-yellow horizontal triband, either with all three fields of equal width or with green and red fields each twice as wide as the yellow one. The aspect ratio is usually 2:3, although 3:5, and sometimes even 1:2, can be also found. The flags with different ratios are usually used together, as well as the flag variants with different widths of yellow field, so probably none of these elements is meant to be precisely defined. The flag is probably derived from that of the Kongu Vellalar Goundarkal Peravai (see above), with the addition of a yellow field.

[1] Wikipedia page about Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam:
[2] Photo gallery from a rally in Coimbatore on 2009-05-01:
[3] Photo of party flags at a party blog:
[4] Report from a party rally on 2010-10-13, with a photo and a video clip:

Tomislav Todorovic, 1 March 2011

Kongunadu Makkal Desiya Katchi

[Kongunadu Makkal Desiya Katchi Flag] images by Tomislav Todorovic, 25 July 2015

Kongunadu Makkal Desiya Katchi was founded on 2013-03-21 by E.R. Eswaran, who had previously been the Secretary general of Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam [1]. Party flag has five horizontal stripes of green, yellow, red, yellow and green. As the available sources reveal [2, 3, 4, 5], the flag ratio varies somewhat, but 2:3 seems to prevail.

[1] Kongunadu Makkal Desiya Katchi at Wikipedia:
[2] Photos from a party rally at YouTube (flag shown @ 2:49 - 3:02)
[3] E. R. Eswaran's website - photo from a party rally:
[4] E. R. Eswaran's website - photo from a party rally:
[5] E. R. Eswaran's website - photo from a party rally:

Tomislav Todorovic
, 25 July 2015