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Summits of the Americas

Cumbre de las Américas

Last modified: 2023-06-03 by zachary harden
Keywords: america | oas | summit | organization of american states |
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The Summits of the Americas (SOA) is a series of international summit meetings bringing together the leaders of countries in North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean; however, no representative from Cuba has participated. The meetings provide an opportunity for discussions about a variety of issues and topics.
The summits have been organized by a number of multilateral bodies led by the Organization of American States
In the early 1990s, what were formerly ad hoc summits came to be  institutionalized into a regular "Summit of the Americas" based on the principles of democracy and free trade, specifically leading towards the formal establishment of the FTAA (Free Trade Area of the Americas, which never came into force), which sparked many debates on economic free trade, multilateral relations, among other issues, and several protests took place not only during actual summits but also it created the atmosphere to create parallel organizations in the American hemisphere such as ALBA, UNASUR, among others.
So far, these summits are:
- 1st Summit of the Americas at Miami in the United States, December 9-11, 1994
- Summit of the Americas on Sustainable Development at Santa Cruz de la Sierra (not featured on FOTW ) in Bolivia, December 7-8, 1996
- 2nd Summit of the Americas at Santiago in Chile, April 18-19, 1998
- 3rd Summit of the Americas, in Québec City, Canada, April 20-22, 2001
- Monterrey Special Summit of the Americas at Monterrey (not featured on FOTW) in Mexico, January 12-13, 2004
- 4th Summit of the Americas at Mar del Plata (not featured on FOTW) in Argentina, November 4-5, 2005
- 5th Summit of the Americas at Port-of-Spain in Trinidad and Tobago (official website: ) April 17-19, 2009
- 6th Summit of the Americas at Cartagena in Colombia (official website: ) April 14-15, 2012
The official website is:
Esteban Rivera, 13 April 2012

6th Summit of the Americas

From April 9 until April 15 several events are taking place under the Summit, divided into three main categories: Actores Sociales (Social actors), Empresarial (Entrepreneurs), Presidencial (Presidential and government officials) (Source: article and video interview of current Colombian Chancellor by El Unviersal, local newspaper of the City of Cartagena regarding the logistics of the event).
These are:
- Foro Social (Social Forum) April 9 (featuring also the Foro de los Trabajadores y Trabajadoras de las Américas, Workers of the Americas Forum)
- Cumbre de Los Pueblos (Summit of the Peoples) April 11 including indigenous organizations
- III Foro de Jóvenes de las Américas (III Young Americas Forum) April 12 (within this event there will also take place the VI Competencia Talento e Innovación de las Américas "Jóvenes: Socios para la Prosperidad", VI Talent and Innovation of the Americas Competition)
- I Cumbre Empresarial de Las Américas (I CEO Summit of the Americas) April 13 and 14 (official websites: , and )
- Presidential summit April 14 and 15 (official website: and )

Sources: , , , and

Additional information in the following links:
- Colombian Presidential website special coverage of the Summit (
- Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs coverage of the Summit (
- El Universal coverage of the Summit (
- Pictures on Flickr ( )
- Comments on Tweeter
- Posts on Facebook
- Events on Google Plus ( )
- Videos on YouTube
For more please go to: VI Cumbre de las Américas (VI Summit of the Americas) (official website: access restricted) and
Esteban Rivera, 13 April 2012

The Flag of 6th Summit

image by Zoltan Horvath, 13 April 2012

April 11, during a news report by CM& tv news a City square inside Cartagena was shown displaying several flags of the VI Summit of the Americas. The Summit is officially scheduled to take place on April 14-15, 2012. However, there are additional events related to the Summit that have been taking place since April 9.
The flag is the logo on a white horizontal background. Explanation of the logo (taken from the official website): "The hummingbird is native of the Americas. found from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, it represents the vision of unity across the continent. The wide range of colors represents the diversity of the Americas".
Esteban Rivera, 13 April 2012

Flag can be seen outisde the Centro de Convenciones de Cartagena "Julio César Turbay Ayala" ("Julio César Turbay Ayala Cartagena Conventions Center) (official website: ). At the main entrance one can see the flag of Cartagena (on the left) and the flag of Colombia (on the right). Then surrounding those two flags, there are several palm trees with flagpoles waving the sixth summit's flag.
Esteban Rivera, 15 April 2012