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Anti-Japan People's Front Army (North Korea, 1932-1934)

Last modified: 2021-08-25 by ian macdonald
Keywords: anti-japanese people's guerilla army |
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[Anti-Japan People's Front Army (North Korea, 1932-1934)]
image by Jaume Ollé, 18 Sep 2009

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Cleaning up my bookshelves I dug up a May 1991 issue of a North Korean magazine with an interesting flag shown in an article: "Kim Jong Il: Immortal history - On the Road of National Liberation," in "Democratic People's Republic of Korea", nr. 5/1991 (421).
The photo by the article shows a flag displayed in some museum, and it is captioned: "The flag held up when President Kim Il Sung proclaimed the founding of the Anti-Japanese People's Guerilla Army." The flag is a red rectangular cloth, nowadays slightly worn-out, inscribed with the golden-yellow letters.
The text of the article states that the AJPGA was formed on 25 April 1932, as the first Juche-oriented revolutionary armed force of the Korean people, and was in March 1934 reorganized into Korean People's Revolutionary Army (KPRA).
Željko Heimer, 5 September 2004

The flag's letters are written from right to left: "반일인민유격대", the alphabetic version of "反日人民遊擊隊." Until the first half of the 20th century, Korean text was usually written in vertical columns, with each new column to the left of the preceding one. That's why when people had to write horizontally, they would write right-to-left instead of left-to-right, for example on signs on gates.
name withheld by request, 16 Nov 2008