Last modified: 2019-06-13 by ivan sache
Keywords: social democratic union of macedonia | socijaldemokratski sojuz na makedonija |
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Flag and emblem of SDSM - Images by Tomislav Todorović, 30 November 2012 (after the image shown on Wikipedia)
SDSM succeeded in 1998 the League of Communists of Macedonia with a Social-Democrat
program. The party is member of the Socialist International. SDSM was the ruling party in North Macedonia from 1992 to 1998 and from 2002 to 2006.
Branko Crvenkovski was the leader of the party until 2004; he was Prime Minister of North Macedonia during the ruling years of the SDSM and was elected President of the Republic in May 2004. Vlado Buckovski, appointed Prime Minister, succeeded him as the party's leader. The party lost the last general elections held on 5 July 2006. On 28 August 2006, Nikola Gruevski, from the winning party VMRO-DPMNE, was appointed Prime Minister. On 5 November, Radmila Sekerinska was elected leader of the SDSM, following Buckovski's resignation. She plans to revamp the party image and to return to social-democracy. Over the last years, the SDSM had adopted more neo-liberal views.
There were two main secessions in the history of SDSM: in 1993, Petar Gosev left and formed the Democrat Party; in 1999, Tito Petkovski left and form the New Social Democrat Party.
Ivan Sache, 22 November 2006
The symbols of the party are described in Article 7 of the current party statutes (text), adopted on 12 September 2009, as follows:
The party shall have a round seal, of 3 cm in diameter, in the center of which is placed a five-pointed star with a rose and along its edges is inscribed "Social Democratic Union of Macedonia".
The party shall have an emblem which consists of a yellow five-pointed star, on a blue base, in the center of which is placed a red rose in form of a fist.
Along with the emblem from the previous section, the party name abbreviation (SDSM) may be used.
The party flag is rectangular, in blue color and with proportions 1:2, and in its top left corner is placed the party emblem from Sections 2 and 3 of this Article.
Using and keeping of the seal, emblem, flag and anthem shall be regulated by a special ruling of the Central Board.
The photos and videos which can currently be found on the internet do show that the flags are charged with the star sized approximately as shown, but the exact position of the star varying - not only as shown, but also centered in the top hoist, or centered vertically near the hoist, or in the flag center. However, some of these flags are obviously charged with the previous version of the rose (with the stem and a leaf), and others are not recognizable enough, due to low resolution of the recordings, so the existence of possible variants is yet to be verified. The use of party name abbreviation on the flags was not verified at all so far.
Tomislav Todorović, 30 November 2012
Former flag of SDSM - Image by Ivan Sache, 22 November 2006
The former flag of SDSM is described in Article 5 of the former party statutes (page no longer online) as follows:
The Party shall own a round seal, of 3 cm in diameter, with a five-pointed star and a rose in the middle, subscribed to the edges "Social Democratic Union of Macedonia".
The party shall have a sign comprising a yellow five-pointed star, on a blue base, above which a red rose is positioned.
The Party flag shall have a rectangle shape, in blue color, with 1:2 dimensions, and a painted yellow five-pointed star in its left corner, with a red rose positioned above.
Ivan Sache, 22 November 2006
Variant of the flag, 2002
Flag of SDSM, variant - Image by Tomislav Todorović & Mladen Mijatov, 13 July 2007
On 16 September 2002, in TV-reports (Vesti u 10, Studio B channel, Belgrade, Serbia) from Macedonia about just proclaimed results of the parliamentary elections, a variant of the flag was seen in the streets of Skopje, carried by the party supporters who celebrated the victory. On this flag, the emblem was in centre of the field and smaller: the diameter of circumscribed circle of the star was about one-half of the flag height or a bit less.
Tomislav Todorović, 13 July 2007/P>
Variant of the flag, 1990
Flag of SKM - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 20 January 2009
The flag and logo of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia were adopted in August 1990, when the League of Communists of Macedonia, its predecessor, adopted the name League of Communists of Macedonia - Party for Democratic Transformation (in Macedonian, Sojuz na komunistite na Makedonija - Partija za demokratska preobrazba). The first reports about the flag date from that time, but the images have appeared in the media in Serbia only in November same year, shortly before the first multi-party elections which took place the same month. The images were mostly showing the flag as it is today, but in a TV-programme about the election campaign in Macedonia a vertical variant was seen, with proportions 2:3 and the logo at the top; the rose was in vertical position, to conform with the flag shape, and had a much longer stem. This was the only time when I saw this variant of the flag, so it was probably not used very much. The horizontal variant, however, remained in use after the party adopted its present name in April 1991.
Within the first reports about this flag in Serbian media, suggestions appeared that its design was based upon that of the flag of the League of Communists of Slovenia - Party of Democratic Renewal, which was adopted in February and used until November same year (see FOTW image. There are striking similarities between two flags (field colour, yellow star near the hoist edge) which speak in favour of these suggestions, but the differences in design are also great, so this remains unverified until more details about this flag's creation are available.Tomislav Todorović, 20 January 2009