Baard (older spelling: Baerd), village in Littenseradiel municipality,
Fryslân province. It used to be in the former municipality of Baarderadeel,
of which it was till 1700 the municipal seat. Population (1958): 252; (1974):
200. In the Middel Ages the village was dominated by the Dekama family.
In 1494 Juw Dekema was chosen as "potestaat", regent of Fryslân
(a title used in Italian cities (podesta), here used as first noble
among equals); in 1498 he was deposed, and in 1514 the Geldersen burnt
his "state" in Baerd.
Nickname: "Katten" (cats, referring to feline qualities of the
Baard coat of arms: divided I. in blue in chief a golden six-pointed mullet;
II. in red in chief a golden six-pointed mullet and over all a silver fleur-de-lis and a walking silver lamb, placed under each other.
Flag: five diagonal stripes of blue and red; on the third stripe two
six-pointed yellow stars.
Baard is one of the oldest municipal centers of Baarderadeel. For these
old villages the colors blue and red are chosen. The blue color is from
the old municipal arms; the red from the arms of the Dekema family, from
which the fleur-de-lis was also taken. The golden stars are from the arms
of Baarderadeel. The lamb is a symbol of the baptists (Menisten), and also
an old Christian symbol. In Baerd the oldest Baptist parish of Fryslân
was founded (together with the one in Ameland).
The lamb also represents the cattle-breeding in the village.
The division of the flag points at the old Baarderadeel municipal flag
with two stars.
Design: J.C. Terluin and R.J. Broersma.
Source: Genealogysk Jierboekje, 2001.
Encyclopedie van Friesland, 1958.
Baerderadiel: in Geakunde, 1977.
Jarig Bakker, 8 Sep 2003
"Podesta" (from Latin "potestas", power) was the title
borne by the first magistrate in the Italian cities in the XIII-XIVth centuries.
The "commune libre" (free city) of Marseilles (1221-1252) was also
ruled by a "podestat" appointed by the merchant oligarchy which
had taken control of the city for that short period.
I seem to remember that the title of "podesta" was recreated
by Mussolini. My source is Carlo Levi's "Christ stopped at Eboli",
but this would need verification.
Ivan Sache, 9 Sep 2003
Baard coat of arms
from Wapens en Flaggen fan Littenseradiel, booklet of the municipality.