Last modified: 2016-10-30 by ivan sache
Keywords: kaş | kalkan | kınık |
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Flag of Kaş - Image by Jens Pattke, 31 March 2013
The municipality of Kaş (53,633 inhabitants in 2012, 7,258 in the town proper; 18,668 ha), located 170 km of Antalya, is the westernmost municipality in Antalya Province.
Ivan Sache, 6 March 2016
The flag of Kaş (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of the municipality features the Lycian sarcophagus known as the King's Tomb.
Quoting the Motel Ani website:
The most important historical remains of the ancient city are the carved rock tombs to the north and the sarcophagi scattered all around the city. The most impressive sarcophagus (photo), called Kral Mezarı (King's Tomb) by the locals, dates from the 4th century B.C and is carved from a single block with eight lines of script in the Lycian language. The inscription has not been deciphered to date. The lid of the sarcophagus contains four lion heads, two on each side.
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 6 March 2016
Flag of Kalkan - Image by Jens Pattke, 31 March 2013
The flag of Kalkan (photo) was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
Tomislav Šipek, 18 March 2013
Flag of Kınık - Image by Jens Pattke, 31 March 2013
Kınık (5,389 inhabitants in 2012) is located 40 km of Kaş.
The flag of Kınık (photo) was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of the former municipality features the ruins of Xanthos, which were inscribed in 1988 on UNESCO's World Heritage List, with the following description:
Made up of two neighboring settlements located in the south-western part of Anatolia, respectively within the boundaries of Antalya and Muğla Provinces, Xanthos-Letoon is a remarkable archaeological complex. It represents the most unique extant architectural example of the ancient Lycian Civilization, which was one of the most important cultures of the Iron Age in Anatolia. The two sites strikingly illustrate the continuity and unique combination of the Anatolian, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine civilizations. It is also in Xanthos-Letoon that the most important texts in Lycian language were found. The inscriptions engraved in rock or on huge stone pillars on the site are crucial for a better understanding of the history of the Lycian people and their Indo-European language.
Xanthos, which was the capital of ancient Lycia, illustrates the blending of Lycian traditions with the Hellenic influence, especially in its funerary art. The rock-cut tombs, pillar tombs and pillar-mounted sarcophagi in Xanthos are unique examples of ancient funerary architecture. Their value was already recognized in Antiquity and they influenced the art of neighboring provinces: the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus is for instance directly influenced by the Xanthos Nereid Monument. The fact that some architectural and sculptural pieces of the sites were taken to England in the 19th century, including the Monument of Harpy, the Tomb of Payava and the Nereid Monument, led to their word-wide recognition, and consequently the Xanthos marbles became an important part of the history of ancient art and architecture.
East of the Xanthos River (Eşen Çayı), the first monumental zone includes the old Lycian Acropolis, which was remodelled during the Hellenistic and Byzantine periods. At that time, a church was built at the north-east corner, while an advanced defensive structure fortified the western side of the citadel along the river. Directly north of the Acropolis stands a very beautiful theatre that dominates the Roman agora. This area also features great Lycian funerary monuments imitating woodwork, which are characteristic of the archaeological landscape of Xanthos and rise up spectacularly from the ruins. There is a second, more complex archaeological zone that extends between the Vespasian Arch to the south and the Hellenistic Acropolis to the north. The lower part of the town, which includes the Hellenistic Agora and Byzantine churches, was located in this part of the site.
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 25 March 2016