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American Nazi Party (U.S.)

ANP 1960-1967

Last modified: 2018-12-27 by rick wyatt
Keywords: anp | wufens | nswpp | american nazi party | neo-nazi | united states |
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ANP flag image by Eugene Ipavec, 17 March 2012



See also:


Introduction: American Nazi Party (ANP) 1960-1967
World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists (WUFENS) 1959-1960
National Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP) 1967

The American Nazi Party, founded by George Lincoln Rockwell in 1959 and led by him until his death, had a flag like that of Nazi Germany with a small blue globe in the center of the swastika, representing the United Nations being consumed by the swastika. Headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, Rockwell initially called his party the "World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists" (WUFENS), but later renamed it the American Nazi Party in 1960 to attract maximum media attention. The party was based largely upon the ideals and policies of Adolf Hitler's NSDAP in Germany during the Third Reich, but also expressed allegiance to the Constitutional principles of the American Founding Fathers. It also added to its platform a policy of Holocaust denial.

In early 1967, Rockwell changed the ANP name to the National Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP). Later same year, he was killed by John Patler, a former party member whom Rockwell had ejected from the party for allegedly trying to introduce Marxist doctrine into the party's platforms. During the 1970s, several splits resulted in formation of new neo-Nazi groups, mostly due to the policies of Rockwell's successor Matt Koehl, who saw Nazism as a religious movement rather than a political one and eventuyally renamed the party to the New Order in 1983. Since mid-1980s, it has been headquartered in New Berlin, Wisconsin, preaching Nazism as a pseudo-religion, without any public political activities.

Today, the name "American Nazi Party" has been adopted by an organization led by Rocky J. Suhayda, a former member of Rockwell's original party in 1960s, and headquartered in Westland, Michigan. The new group claims George Lincoln Rockwell as their founder, but there is no legal connection to the original ANP. Their website sells nostalgic reprints of Rockwell's 1960s-era magazine "The Stormtrooper" and replica flags of the original party.

Sources:
Historical Flags of Our Ancestors website
American Nazi Party at Wikipedia
New Order at Wikipedia
Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic, 12 October 2013


American Nazi Party Flag - Globe Variants

[American Nazi Party flag]      [American Nazi Party flag]
images by Tomislav Todorovic, 12 October 2013

The depiction of the globe on party flag and emblem varied: sometimes it was showing only the North America and some of neighboring regions [1], but it was also showing all continents, together with the meridians and parallels as in the current United Nations flag [2, 3, 4], and there were few depictions of the globe as in the original United Nations flag [5]. Most of surviving examples are poorly made and it is often difficult to recognize the drawing. This is probably because they were hand-made, which might be the reason why the globe was most frequently represented simply as a plain blue disc [6, 7, 8, 9].

Sources:

  1. Photo of George Lincoln Rockwell holding a party poster
  2. Photo of Rocky J. Suhayda's party supporter card
  3. Photo of American Nazi Party advertising material
  4. American Nazi Party web graphics
  5. Photo of the cover page of an American Nazi Party manual
  6. BBC News website - archived report on Rockwell's assassination
  7. Anorak website - Ku Klux Klan related photo gallery (includes a photo of Rockwell seated before a flag or pulldown)
  8. Murderpedia website - gallery photos related to John Patler
  9. Photo of the pro-war in Vietnam demonstration by Ku Klux Klan and American Nazi Party, Washington D.C., 1965
Tomislav Todorovic, 12 October 2013

Variant American Nazi Party with blank globe

ANP flag with blank globe image by Pete Loeser

On many occasions when hand-making their flags and armbands, the ANP simplified the process by affixing a dark blue felt circle to represent the "globe/world" in the center of the Swastika. This variant can be seen in many early color photographs of Rockwell.
Source: Historical Flags of Our Ancestors website Pete Loeser, 17 March 2012


New American Nazi Party Flag

New ANP flag image by Joe McMillan and Eugene Ipavec, 17 March 2012

Today, the name "American Nazi Party" has been adopted by an organization led by Rocky J. Suhayda, and headquartered in Westland, Michigan. Rocky Suhayda was originally affiliated with a group in Detroit called the SS Action Group led By Ted Dunn in the 1980s. Dunn ran a kind of a soup kitchen operation feeding those who "fought" under his leadership. The new group claims George Lincoln Rockwell as their founder, but there seems no actual connection to the original ANP, apart from the fact that their website sells nostalgic reprints of Rockwell's 1960s-era magazine "The Stormtrooper" and replica flags of the original party.
The flags favored by the new American Nazi Party are copies of the original flags used by Rockwell, and in many cases, both armbands and flags use the blank dark blue felt circles to represent the "globe/world" in the center of the Swastika, as was done by the original ANP.
A few years ago, the new American Nazi Party, sold flags of various countries and states with a swastika superimposed, including the 13-star United States flag shown on the left.
Source: Historical Flags of Our Ancestors website
Pete Loeser, 17 March 2012


"Keep the Redskins White" Rally flag (1961)

Keep the Redskins White Rally flag (1961) image by Tomislav Todorovic, 16 February 2014

In a "Keep the Redskins White!" demonstration members of the American Nazi Party demonstrated against desegregating the Washington Redskins football team in October of 1961 using this banner. At the time the Washington DC pro-football team was the last remaining all-white team in the league, and although desegregated today, it still remains the only team in the NFL whose name is considered a racial slur.

Seen at the time was this ANP Banner obviously modeled after the SA (Sturmabteilung) Standards. It is said Adolf Hitler himself designed the SA standard in 1922, based on the standards carried by Roman legions. The motto Deutschland Erwache (Germany Awake) was replaced with the English "America Awake" on the 1961 ANP banner.

Sources:
1. Historical Flags of Our Ancestors website
2. Mother Jones and the Foundation for National Progress

Pete Loeser, 16 February 2014


George Lincoln Rockwell's campaign flag (1965)

George Lincoln Rockwell's campaign flag (1965) image by Tomislav Todorovic, 14 November 2013

In 1965, George Lincoln Rockwell ran for the governor of Virginia, finishing last among the four candidates. Although the ANP had already existed for six years, he ran as an independent candidate, probably in order to make himself more acceptable to the voters, and used a flag in his campaign which was derived from the Confederate flag by replacing the stars with the words ROCKWELL GOVERNOR in white. The flag was actually made from a real Confederate flag on which the stars were painted into blue before the letters were added, as its photo reveals when zoomed in.
Sources:
1. Wikipedia page about George Lincoln Rockwell
2. Kate/A/blog - entry about George Lincoln Rockwell (includes a photo of his campaign flag)
3. Photo of flag

Tomislav Todorovic, 14 November 2013


National Socialist White People's Party Bicentennial Flag (1976)

National Socialist White People's Party Bicentennial Flag (1976) image by Tomislav Todorovic, 14 November 2013

On this flag, black swastika on a white disc is replaced with a white swastika on a white fimbriated, blue diamond. It was first seen in 1976, at a demonstration held on the Fourth of July outside the White House. National Socialist White People's Party, whose leader Matt Koehl designed the flag, claimed that it was created in order to celebrate the United States Bicentennial. The flag is still offered for sale by a number of online shops.
Source: Historical Flags of Our Ancestors website
Tomislav Todorovic, 14 November 2013


New American Nazi Party banner

New American Nazi Party banner image by Tomislav Todorovic, 14 November 2013

This banner might have been used by the original ANP as well, although the only record of its use which is currently available is from an indoor rally of the new ANP which took place on 2010-10-09. In this video, the banner is shown as hoisted near the wall, behind the speaker. It features an upright ANP swastika with the blue globe and the party name in white, as well as gold fringes all around. A closer albeit incomplete view of the flag @3:41 reveals that the letters are actually voided (i.e. red with a white outline) and that a white disc charged with the swastika and globe (shown as a plain blue disc) is attached to the staff beneath the finial. Several other closer views of the flag seem to reveal no details of the globe on the flag, so it must have been also shown as a plain disc, typically for the ANP.
Source: JeffPearlman.com website - Interview with the ANP leader Rocky Suhayda
Tomislav Todorovic, 14 November 2013