Please note that, in both historical and/or contemporary terms, a trade
union flag and a political flag can often be very closely linked – see
‘political flag 2)’.
1) In UK military and some other usage, a term for marching with a colour
or flag dragging on the ground, or standing in that position, and is employed
as a mark of respect to the head of state at funerals or as a token of victory in a parade of captured
enemy colours – but see ‘vailing’
(also ‘dipping 1)’).
2) An uncommon method of saluting using a flag hoisted on a pole - the flag
is lowered until it just touches the ground for a few seconds, and then raised
smartly - practiced in some monarchies as a salute to a member of the royal family.
An alternative term for the sinister edge of a vertically hung banner or a gonfalon – see
‘sinister edge 2)’.
Please note, that this term has been introduced by the Editors as a vexillological
alternative to the heraldically derived "sinister edge".
A medieval term, now obsolete, for a banner on a crossbar.
The heraldic term used when a charge or animal has been pierced with an arrow, sword, lance or other
weapon (see also ‘pierced 2)’).
The heraldic term for a charge in the form of a stylized flower or plant with three
petals or leaves, and which is almost invariably shown bearing a stalk (see also
‘cross botonny’ and
The heraldic term used by some writers to describe a narrow single border inset
from the edges of a shield, banner of arms or a flag – but see ‘orle 1)’
and its following note (also ‘border’,
and ‘inset border’).