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San Javier Department, Misiones Province, Argentina

Last modified: 2021-12-23 by rob raeside
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San Javier Municipality

[San Javier municipal flag] image by Ivan Sache, 4 June 2019

The municipality of San Javier (8,500 inhabitants in 2001; 5,900 ha) is located 130 km of Posadas, on the border with Brazil, here river Uruguay. The Brazilian border town located across the river is called
Porto Xavier.

Originally founded on 3 December 1629 by the Society of Jesus, as the San Javier mission, the settlement disappeared after the expelling of the Jesuits by Charles III in 1767. The town was re-established, under the same name, in 1877, and subsequently boomed due to sugarcane cultivation.

The flag of San Javier is prescribed in the Municipal Constitution, adopted by Resolution No. 1, issued on 18 February 2019 by the Municipal Council and published on 26 February 2019 in the Supplement to the Official Bulletin, No. 14,875, 2-211.

Article 5.
The official symbols of the municipality of San Javier are:
3. The official flag created by Matías Sena, via a public contest and a subsequent plebiscite initiated in 2016 by the Constituent Commission, whose image and description are detailed in Annex I Chapter III.

Annex I Chapter III
Description and meaning of the flag

Red represents the historical path of the Jesuit times; the red color of the missionary land features the step-by-step mark of the pioneers who refunded the municipality. This red path is also the horizon' dividing line and the reflection of San Javier in river Uruguay.
The Jesuit cross reflects the town's Jesuit-Guaraní identity.
Celestial blue represents river Uruguay and the pure and crystalline groundwater, characteristic of the municipality.
Green represents the hills and the sugarcane plantations.
The flag of San Javier reflects the spirit of growth from the Jesuit times to now; the first steps of the town were set up by the Jesuit Guaraní mission founded in 1629. This was the start of a broad path used by the missionaries and, subsequently by the immigrants, natives and creoles who composed the group of pioneers formed in 1877.
This path was always bordered by river Uruguay. Its water refresh the hill slopes, the beautiful landscapes and the sugarcane plantations typical of San Javier, which fade into the horizon.
Municipal Constitution

The flag was selected among three proposals in a public vote organized from 21 to 25 May 2018. Proposal No. 19 obtained 965 votes. Its designer, Matias Sena studied at Primary School No. 603. The flag was
expected to be inaugurated on 20 June 2018.

The two contender designs were proposals No. 27 and No. 24.

[San Javier municipal flag proposal] image by Ivan Sache, 4 June 2019

Proposal No. 27 is red with a green rectangle trapezoid in the upper part, separated from the red field by a white fimbriation. The white Jesuit cross is placed in lower fly, inscribed in a blue disk. Green represents the forest and plants. Red represents the land. The cross represents Monk's Hill - a sacred place -, the sky and freshwater.

[San Javier municipal flag proposal] image by Ivan Sache, 4 June 2019

Proposal No. 24 is green with a blue trapezoid and a red strip on top. The trapezoid is charged with a sugarcane plant inscribed in a white-green disk. Green represents the forest and the exuberant plants. Blue represents river Uruguay. Sugarcane is San Javier's main production. La Misión, 26 May 2018 La Misión, 14 May 2018

Ivan Sache, 4 June 2019