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Föhr-Amrum Subcounty (Germany)

Amt Föhr-Amrum, Kreis Nordfriesland, Schleswig-Holstein

Last modified: 2020-06-13 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: foehr-amrum | wrixum | wyk auf foehr | oystercratchers(2) | windmill | hill | fess wavy | ship | star(6-point) | waves |
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Introduction: Föhr-Amrum Subcounty

On 1 January 2007 the Subcounties (Ämter of Amrum and Föhr-Land merged with the city of Wyk auf Föhr forming the new subcounty of Föhr-Amrum [Frisian: Feer-Oomraam]. Wyk auf Föhr is the capital of the subcounty.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 18 Nov 2012

The only town on the island of Föhr is Wyk. In addition there are eleven (11) small Municipalities (villages). They are:

  1. Alkersum (Aalkersem)
  2. Borgsum (Borigsem)
  3. Dunsum (Dunsem), comprising of Lesser and Greater Dunsum
  4. Midlum (Madlem)
  5. Nordseebad Nieblum (Njiblem) with its neighborhood Goting (Guating)
  6. Oevenum (Ööwnem)
  7. Oldsum (Olersem), with the districts of Toftum (Taftem) and Klintum (Klantem)
  8. Süderende (Söleraanj)
  9. Nordseebad Utersum (Ödersem), with the hamlet of Hedehusum (Hedehüsem)
  10. Witsum (Wiisem)
  11. Wrixum (Wraksem)
Source: Föhr from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Pete Loeser, 9 June 2020

City of Wyk auf Föhr
Frisian: bi aWik

Wyk auf Föhr is the largest town on the island of Föhr, the second largest in the North Frisian Islands on the German coast of the North Sea. It is one of the most important centers of tourism in Schleswig-Holstein. About 4,500 inhabitants live on the island, but during the tourist seasons 20,000 or more people visit the island. Wyk provides shopping centers, health services, post office, and is the seat of government for island of Föhr and the other nearby islands. Wyk's major source of income is obviously the tourism. Having one of Germany's most beautiful seaside promenades called the Sandwall, Wyk is a popular spa location. The first seaside spa in Wyk auf Föhr was established in 1819 making it the oldest of its type in Schleswig-Holstein. The Danish king Christian VIII chose Wyk as his summer resort, and Hans Christian Andersen visited and enjoyed Wyk's beaches.
Pete Loeser, 6 June 2020

Modern Wyk auf Föhr City Flag - approved 29 June 1956

[Wyk uf För flag] 2:3 image by Stefan Schwoon, 16 Nov 2012

Description of flag:
The ratio is 2:3. It is a horizontal 5-stripes flag, blue over yellow over red over yellow over blue with ratio 4:3:50:3:4. Ship and star from the coat of arms are in the red stripe and shifted to the hoist.
Source: Stefan Schwoon's database
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 16 Nov 2012

Variant Wyk auf Föhr - Flag reported 1970

[Wyk uf För flag 1970] 2:3 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 21 Nov 2012

Description of flag:
The ratio is 2:3. It is a horizontal 5-stripes flag, blue over yellow over red over yellow over blue with ratio 4:3:50:3:4. The coat of arms is in the centre of the red stripe.
Source: Stadler 1970, p.111
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 21 Nov 2012

Variant Wyk auf Föhr - Flag reported 2020

[Wyk uf För flag 2020] image by Ivan Sache, 6 June 2020

A tentative image is attached to this message, based on Stefan Schwoon's original.
Ivan Sache, 6 June 2020

In 1704, Wyk was granted the rights of a seaport by the monarchy, two years later, the rights of a market town were awarded. It is this maritime history that explains the use of a merchant ship as the main element of the city's flag. The star indicated hope and good fortune.
Pete Loeser, 6 June 2020

Wyk auf Föhr City Coat of Arms

[Wyk uf För flag] image from Pete Loeser, 8 June 2020

Description of coat of arms:
It is a red shield. A golden (=yellow) sailing ship topped by a 6-point star of the same colour is drifting on blue waves.
The ship is taken from a seal, which had been approved in 1706, when Wyk gained the title of a market town. It shows a damaged ship together with the inscription "Incertum quo fata ferunt" (Engl.: "Ambiguous, where fate will lead us"). The ship is symbolizing the dangers of shipping, which had a great importance for the locals. They earned their living by whaling. The star was added later as a symbol of hope in a world of obstacles. In Wyk in 1819 the 2nd German North Sea Spa was established. The rank of a city was gained in 1910.
Source: Reißmann 1997 , p.376

Flag and coat of arms were approved on 29 June 1956. The artist is Wilhelm Horst Lippert from Brunsbüttel.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 16 Nov 2012

Municipality of Wrixum
Frisian: Wraksem

Wrixum is one of eleven municipalities on the island of Föhr and borders the larger city of Wyk auf Föhr. It is not a suburb or district of the larger city, but considered an independent town. Like Wyk it is a tourist destination with a number of small enterprises including vacation rentals, small restaurants, tourist shops, and several bicycle rentals. Like the entire island it belongs to the district of Nordfriesland.
Pete Loeser, 8 June 2020

Wrixum Municipal Flag - approved 12 May 2005

[Wrixum municipal flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 31 Mar 2006

Description of flag:
The ratio is 3:5. It is more or less an armorial flag. The figures of the coat of arms are superimposing the sheet, which is yellow over green with a blue wavy line in a white field at the bottom edge of the sheet.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 16 Nov 2012

Wrixum Municipal Coat of Arms

[Wrixum municipal flag] image from Pete Loeser, 8 June 2020

Description of coat of arms: The shield has a base of silver (=white) and blue waves. At the bottom of a golden (= yellow) field stands a green hill, superimposed by a silver (= white) windmill. Above are two oystercatchers in natural colour, facing one another.
Meaning: Wrixum is located on Föhr Island. It belongs to the marshes in the north and to the moraines in the south. This is symbolized by the colours green and yellow, while yellow, red and blue are the colours of Northern Frisia. The wavy lines are symbolizing the North Sea. The hill is symbolizing the location on an island. The windmill is a local landmark. The oystercatchers are an endemic species.
Source: Municipal Roll of Arms Sckeswig-Holstein Online

Flag and coat of arms were approved on 12 May 2005. The artist is Uwe Nagel from Bergenhusen.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 16 Nov 2012

The birds on the flag of Wrixum look like oystercatchers. I don't recall having seen this bird on any flag, one more species to add to the vexillological zoo.
Pascal Gross, 31 Mar 2006

Yes, the birds are oystercratchers (Austernfischer). It is the characteristic bird of the Wrixumer Marsch on the island of Föhr.
Jörg Majewski, 1 Apr 2006

The oystercatcher is named in Dutch "scholekster" (literally: shoal-magpie). In my native language, Frisian, the bird has many names:
- strânljip (beach-lapwing)
- fjildakster (field-magpie)
- fjildekster (idem)
- bûnte liuw (multicoloured lion)
- bûnte ljip (multicoloured lapwing)
- bûnte pyt (multicoloured birdie)
- Stynske ljip (East- or West-Indian lapwing)
- Stynske liuw (idem lion)
- Haematopus ostralegus

In my village the bird was known as "bûnte liuw" - multicoloured as the Frisian cattle, but where they got the lion from is far beyond me. It is a typical bird of the Waddenzee, extending from Noord-Holland (Netherlands) to southern Denmark; every year hundreds of thousands of these birds visit this sea, and again - precious few oysters to be caught there...
Jarig Bakker, 1 Apr 2006

The local Southern African variety of the oyster catcher, known in Afrikaans as the Tobie, is all black with red legs and beak and, not surprisingly, known in English as the black oyster catcher. This little bird lays its eggs on the bare sand of the beaches of the Western and Southern Cape Provinces and is credited with changing environmental legislation. It is listed in the Red Data book as being near extinction because of human interference with its breeding habits. There is (or were) here a class of yokels who delighted in invading the beaches with their 4x4's and beach buggies and racing around on the sand without regard to the local wild life. This eventually caused such an uproar among the environmentalists that Parliament passed legislation banning all such vehicles from the beaches except at specified places. It is reported that in the past four years since the law came into effect, several more breeding pairs have been spotted.
Andries Burgers, 2 Apr 2006

Thanks to the oystercatcher and via the cows, we can reconcile France, Friesland and Holstein. The oystercatcher is called in French "huîtrier-pie".
An "huître" is an oyster; the circonflex accent on the i recalls the s from the Latin "ostrea", the Greek "ostreon" and the ancient French "huistre". The word "huitrier" is a very uncommon synonym of "ostréiculteur", oyster-farmer, and its main use is for the bird. The word was coined by Buffon in his "Histoire naturelle des oiseaux", as follows:
"On a aussi donné à cet huîtrier ou mangeur d'huîtres le nom de pie de mer, non seulement à cause de son plumage noir et blanc, mais encore parce qu'il fait, comme la pie, un bruit ou cri continuel, surtout lorsqu'il est en troupe; ce cri aigre et court est répété sans cesse en repos et en volant."
"This oystercatcher or oyster eater was also called sea magpie, not only because of its black and white feathers, but also because; like the magpie, it is continuously calling, especially when in group; this sharp and short call is relentlessly repeated either at rest or in flight."
A "pie" is a magpie and also the black and white colour of an animal fur. After having scoured the French coasts for decades, the Frisians became good fellows and cattle breeders and provided France with a holly cow called Française Frisonne Pie Noire, based on Frisian stock introduced in France in the XVIIIth century. Originally known as Hollandaise Pie Noire, the cow was renamed Française Frisonne Pie Noire in 1903 in order to please Jarig's ancestors. However, in 1990, the ungrateful French breeders renamed the cow Prim' Holstein because of the introgression of American Holstein stock (with, of course, remote origin in European Holstein). The Prim' Holstein is today the most milk-producive and most commonly found cow in France. The Bretonne Pie Noire cow, known in the past as Morbihannaise or Cornouailles, or "the poor's cow", has been progressivelty absorbed by the Frisonne and the Normande and is close to extinction. I have not found any evidence of a relationship between the cow and the Breton flag.
The oystercatchers that nest in France are sedentary. In August and September, several Dutch and British birds join the local population for overwintering (so do more and more humans).
Ivan Sache, 29 Apr 2006

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