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Other political flags (Israel)

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Last modified: 2024-04-20 by martin karner
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Disengagement Plan Protest Flags

A few days ago, the Knesset voted in favour of PM Sharon's disengagement plan. For those who are not updated on Middle East politics, the plan includes evacuating of the Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip.
While discussing the issue there was a demonstration against the plan. The demonstrators used orange flags charged with blue Magen David and inscriptions above and below it. I noticed two variants: Yehuda/VeHashomron (Judea/and
Simaria) and Gush Qatif/Lanetzkh Nenatzeakh (Qatif Block/Forever we will
win) but there could be also others.
Photos at
Dov Gutterman, 30 October 2004

In the photo, most demonstrators can be seen wearing orange t-shirts. Does the use of the color orange in both the flag and the clothing have any particular meaning?
Thorsten, 30 October 2004

It is used, probably, because it doesn't represent any political party. I don't know of any other particular meaning.
Dov Gutterman, 30 October 2004

Orange has been chosen as a color symbolizing solidarity with the settlers in Gaza, worn as the color of caps, t-shirts, etc.
Nathan Lamm, 30 October 2004

The settlers who are against PM Sharon plan to evacuate Gaza strip, choose the orange as their color. During a demonstration in Jerusalem yesterday, one could see many national flags with orange instead of white.
Dov Gutterman, 31 January 2005

One thing I've noticed looking at the crowd was that none of those were actual cloth flags, they all appear to have been printed on some sort of stiff material. I guess it make it easier to display in low wind condition.
Marc Pasquin, 31 January 2005

[Disengagement plan protest flag] image by Santiago Tazon

The flag of such movement was a six-pointed star (Magen David) in blue, two parallel lines also in blue (wider than the lines of the national flag) over an orange background with some words in Hebrew. I saw this flag in some windows, balconies and cars.
The orange pro-settlers groups were distributing orange strips in crossways. They also sell this flags for 5 NIS.
The Hebrew words could be: "Gush Katif" or "Yehuda VeShomeron".
Supporters of the Disengagement Plan started to use blue strips but only few of them used it.
Santiago Tazón, 5 September 2005

I saw a photo by Baz Ratner/AP that made front page in the PUBLICO newspaper at August 14, 2005. It shows a flag which I also saw on TV waved by Gaza settlers, or at least militants against the Gaza retreat.
Modeled after the Israeli national flag, it's orange in colour with two very narrow blue horizontal stripes above and below a Magen David, also blue (and clearly outlined in black in the original photo), and inscriptions in Hebrew above the upper stripe and below the lower stripe. Unfortunately, the photo only captures the central part of the flag and most of the writing becomes unreadable.
Jorge Candeias, 8 January 2007

Jewish settlements have been present in Gaza City for many centuries, which were evacuated following riots in 1929. After the Six-Day War (1967), Jewish communities weren't built in Gaza City, but in Gush Katif in the southwestern part of the Gaza Strip, i.e. Kfar Darom, established in 1946, evacuated in 1948 after an Egyptian attack, resettled in 1970, to be evacuated again in 2005 as part of the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.

Intention to establish a regional council for the settlements in the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula (after the occupation of these territories by Israel following the Six-Day War) arose in the early days of the establishment of Nahal settlements in the area, but it fell out of favor after it became apparent that the Ministry of Interior would not be able to work with the council areas and the Ministry of Defense did not want to bear the costs. The Regional Council was established on May 10, 1979 (although another source mentions 1978), by order of the IDF) local commander. By the time "(The) Disengagement Plan", formally the "Disengagement Plan Implementation Law") on February 18, 2005 was passed by the Knesset in 2004, in a Bill originally passed by the Ministry of Justice, and it was ruled that on the day of the evacuation of the last locality from the Gaza Strip, the Regional Council would cease to operate. In practice, the Council ceased to operate on August 15, 2005, with the evacuation of the first locality (August 14 was the deadline for local residents to be in the area although the IDF eventually allowed until August 17 for the complete evacuation), while evacuation of IDF forces was effective on September 11, 2005 (in Gaza) and on September 22, 2005 (in the West Bank). The evacuation was done by the SELA), Assistance to the Settlers of Gaza and Northern Samaria), which existed in the 2006–2013 period, to oversee the whole operation, including compensation, assistance, relocation, among other activities. The Council at its peak (on the eve of the evacuation) included 8900 residents in 21 localities. Most of the residents worked in agriculture, industry and education.

Right after the Israeli 2003 elections, a unilateral withdrawal plan was devised by Israeli authorities, that was in line with what was to become the "Roadmap for Peace" a plan to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict proposed by the Quartet on the Middle East (a political and diplomatic group that was established in Madrid in 2002). The final text was released on April 30, 2003. The process reached a deadlock early in phase I and the plan was never implemented. This was in the midst of important geopolitical events such as the Al-Aqsa (Second) Intifada (2000–2005), the War on Terror (2001-onwards) and Operation Defensive Shield (2002).

In December of 2003 the idea of a unilateral withdrawal was being discussed. with some modifications in February and April of 2004, to be up for a vote (some sort of Likud Party internal referendum) on May 2, 2004, in which the Prime Minister's plan for unilateral withdrawal is defeated by a 60%–40% margin.

Protests against the disengagement plan began long before the disengagement plan was approved by the Knesset. Some of the earliest protests were to create a human chain along the 90 km from Gush Katif to Jerusalem, on July 25, 2004, near Tisha B'Av. With the approval of the preparations for the plan in the Knesset on October 26, 2004 by a 67-45 majority vote, 7 abstentions, and 1 member absent (for the proposal, but not for its actual implementation), the wave of protests intensified, and they continued to scale up as the deadline approached. On February 16, 2005 parallel to this, the Parliament approved the Evacuation-Compensation Law with 59 votes in favor, 40 opposed, 5 abstaining, to provide assistance to the would-be displaced communities. A proposed amendment to submit the plan to a referendum was rejected, 29:72. It seems that the protest against the program, which was symbolized in orange, was among the most powerful in the history of Israeli democracy, especially the demonstrations and protests that took place on August 11, 2005, just four days short of the deadline for unilateral withdrawal. One of the most notorious group of protesters to use such color was the Student Cell Against the Disengagement, shortened to Orange cell), which was a right-wing student organization from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem that emerged in 2004. Another relevant organization in the protest was the National Home which is an organization established with the aim of channeling the forces working against the disengagement plan.

Although opponents of the plan were secular and ultra-Orthodox, the protesting majority belonged overwhelmingly to the National-religious, a stream of Judaism combining a practice quite similar to that of modern Orthodox Judaism with a Zionist ideology reinterpreted through traditional Jewish heritage (Torah, Talmud, etc.). The opposition stemmed primarily from religious motives and their belief that the State of Israel's hold on the Land of Israel and that it has religious significance and is part of the redemption process. Other concerns were based on security reasons, which expressed the possibility of this territory to be occupied by armed organizations, which indeed happened a couple years later, specifically when Hamas took over the Gaza Strip between June 12–14, 2007 in an internal Palestinian power struggle against its rival faction Fatah."


Several flags were spotted back then, with the most prominent being the ones representing the settlements in Gush Katif and Samaria and also the Regional Council of Hof Azza (not a government authority, but a popular initiative for self-rule).

Esteban Rivera, 29 July 2020

[Disengagement plan protest flag] image located by Esteban Rivera

This cropped image of the original, located here: (source, picture taken on October 23, 2005). It is like the Israeli flag, but gold instead of blue (with the Star of David not being the usual outline, but rather fully colored), and black instead of white, as solidarity with the people being displaced (notice that in the picture one can also see the orange protest flag in the background).
Esteban Rivera, 29 July 2020

"Gustaf Kativ" protest flags

["Gush Kativ" protest flag] image located by Esteban Rivera

The flag is an orange horizontal background reads in the upper line: עוד אבנך ונבנית (English: Another brick is being built) underlined by a dark blue line on top, in the middle the Star of David in dark blue outline; and in the bottom line לגושׁ קטיף הביתה הוזרים (English: The home was brought to Gush Kativ), underlined by a dark blue line (The word "home" hardly visible in blue).
A derivative flag of the 2005 protests, which represents the will of the people to come back to Gaza once again, under a new movement called "HaBayta" ("Going Home") or in English, "Returning to Gush Katif" (dubbed "Friends of Gush Katif").
(sources: and
Esteban Rivera, 29 July 2020

["Gush Kativ" protest flag] image located by William Garrison

Israeli Gush Kativ flag (probably from 2005). The upper line on the flag (גוש קטיף) reads "Gush Kativ" (Harvest bloc), the second line (לנצח נצחים) "Forever and ever".
Caption: "Israel Aug. 2005 'Gaza Strip Disengagement Gush Katif Flag'. The Israeli disengagement from Gaza was the unilateral dismantling in August 2005 of the 21 Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip and the evacuation of Israeli settlers and army from inside the Gaza Strip." (source:
located by William Garrison, 18 September 2023

It's a ∼5:7 orange flag with dark indigo / purplish blue charges: a thick magen David on the middle center flanked by inscriptions above and below, set to modern style quadrate ultra bold Hebrew letters.
Interestingly, this photo shows the hoist of the flag at the viewer's left hand (where a sleeve seam is clearly visible), which is the usual position for an obverse – except for Hebrew and Arabic cultures (and all others writing right-to-left), especially evident for a flag that (unlike, say, the Israeli national flag) is not vertically symmetrical and, even moreso, includes text in its design: I really want to know how does the other side of this flag look like, and what's the story behind its manufacure decision.
António Martins, 18 September 2023

Because of the left hoist I assume that this flag has both sides identical. The seller is located in Israel though and should be used to the hoist on the right. But perhaps this person isn't acquainted with flags or was clever enough to show the reverse side intentionally to indicate that the flag is double-sided.
Martin Karner, 18 September 2023

"The land of Israel for the people of Israel" protest flag

[The land of Israel for the people of Israel flag] image located by William Garrison

Protest flag against the Israeli disengagement from the Gaza strip, inscription: לעם ישׂראל  |  ארץ ישׂראל (English: The land of Israel to the people of Israel), photo (source) and photo (source) from 2007. Caption: "Youths sits on a water tank painted orange, the color symbolizing the movement opposing the disengagement, at the West Bank settlement of Homesh, 12 June 2007." Movement of solidarity with the dislocated settlers and the opposition to the disengagement. Later it became also a symbol of the settlers for their will to return to their expropriated homes in the Gaza strip (see comments above from Esteban Rivera, and also comment from Dov Gutterman about the reason for the colour orange).
located by William Garrison, 24 May 2023

"Returning home!" Flag

[Returning home flag] image located by William Garrison

Altered Israeli national flag, presented by Israeli soldiers on 13 November 2023 in Gaza during the current operation "Iron Swords". Instead of the lower blue stripe it has an orange stripe with the blue Hebrew writing "Returning home". The flag on the photo from Gaza is possibly used by former Gaza residents, who had to leave their homes in the Gaza strip in 2005. (picture, source)
located by William Garrison, 30 November 2023


[Returning home flag 2] image located by William Garrison

This flag is also offered on the Etsy website, with slightly different design and type font.
located by William Garrison, 30 November 2023

Betar (Youth organization)

Flags of Krakow group (Poland)

[Betar Krakow flag]         [Betar Krakow flag] images located by William Garrison

The two flags presented here are both from the Betar group in Krakow ("Ken" Krakow = nest Krakow, obviously they called their local groups nest). Date of photos: 1/7/1945
Hebrew inscription left flag: "Betar", "Hadar", "tgr" (?) (picture, source)
Hebrew inscription right flag: "Brit Trumpeldor Ken Krakow" (picture, source)

Betar is a Zionist Youth organization founded in 1923 by revisionist Zionist Vladimir (Ze'ev) Jabotinsky (1880–1940). Betar is an acronym for "Brit HaNoar HaIvri al shem Joseph Trumpeldor" (Hebrew Youth League in memory of Joseph Trumpeldor) or short "Brit Trumpeldor". During the First World War, Trumpeldor, together with Jabotinsky, helped set up a Jewish unit (Jewish Legion, see Jewish units in the British Army during WWI) as part of the British army. However, unlike Trumpeldor, who pursued Zionist socialism, Jabotinsky belonged to the revisionist wing of the Zionist movement. In 1920 Trumpeldor was killed defending the Jewish settlement of Tel Hai against Arab attackers (see also Tel-Hai Trustees). The sports association of the same name was founded in 1924 (The clubs in this association often have the term Be(i)tar in their name, the most famous being Betar Jerusalem FC). During World War II, Betar members founded the Jewish Military Association, which took part in the defense of the Warsaw Ghetto. Various right-wing parties in Israel emerged from revisionist Zionism, in particular Cherut and its successor Likud. Israeli Prime Ministers Menachem Begin, Yitzhak Shamir and PM Ehud Olmert's father were members of Betar, as was former Defense Minister Moshe Arens (See here for the Seven Principles of Betar).

Revisionist Zionism is a bourgeois-conservative, anti-socialist and radical branch of Zionism, founded by Ze'ev Jabotinsky, who saw himself as the true successor of Theodor Herzl, whom he admired. The revisionist faction wanted to review and reevaluate dominating concepts of Zionism towards stronger efforts to establish a Jewish state. They also wanted to "revise" the British decision to separate Transjordan from the Mandatory Palestine territory. The revisionists were oriented towards bourgeois-conservative and national movements, and thus stood in contrast to the socialist current that predominated in Zionism. The aim of these efforts was to immigrate Jews to Palestine as quickly as possible and establish a Jewish state. Revisionists took a self-confident course towards the Arab population. Their credo was that Jews should never again be defenseless against their tormentors. Jabotinsky was convinced that the moral right over Eretz Israel was in the hands of the Jews, and explained that it was the only place in the world in which Jews could build a state, while the Arabs had many other countries in which to live. He assumed that the Arabs would always fight against Jewish settlement because they would not compromise on territory. From this he concluded that the Arabs could only be convinced through a policy of strength. He did not advocate the expulsion of the Arabs, but rather their integration, albeit in a Jewish state. Despite all his determination, Jabotinsky did not lose his humanity. In 1939 he gave the following instructions to the members of the "National Military Organization" (Irgun Tzvai Leumi, acronym Etzel), a forerunner of the IDF, in which the same morale standards can be recognized: "It is better not to shoot at all than to endanger a woman; you must concede, where possible, places where women are accustomed to gathering; you are to broadcast and print a warning in Arabic to their public, because, in these days, it won't be fitting that a man will send his wife to the market or a similar place; he will go himself; rules for a baby and the elderly – the same as for a woman."


Martin Karner, 12 November 2023

See also:   Betar Youth Movement (Likud Party),   Jewish units in the British Army,   Foundations of the IDF