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Cesar Commune (Portugal)

Freguesia de Cesar, Concelho de Oliveira de Azeméis, Distrito de Aveiro

Last modified: 2018-06-10 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: cesar | tower | crown(marian) | keys(crossed) |
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[Cesar commune] 2:3 image by Sérgio Horta, 7 June 2018
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About the Flag

It is a typical Portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centred on a field quartered of red and white.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 7 June 2018

Coat of arms

Shield Azure; an embattled tower Argent with port and windows Gules and portcullis Sable, masoned Sable; surrounded in chief by a Marian crown Or, at dexter by a pair of keys in saltire, one key Or and the other Argent, at sinister a sword and a scimitar in saltire, both Argent hilted Or, in base a half corn cob Or connected with a demi cogwheel Or. Mural crown Argent with three visible towers (village rank) and white scroll (Bénard Guedes style) with inscription in black capitals "CESAR".
The keys are an attribute of St. Peter, the local patron saint. The tower might refer to Castro Calbo, a pre Roman fortress, sword and scimitar are referring to a battle, which took place in Cesar in 1035 between Bermudo III of Leon and the Moors. Corn cob and cogwhell are symbolising agriculture and industries. The crown is referring to Our Lady of Grace, who is honoured every year by a great procession.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 7 June 2018

Flag and arms published in the official journal Diário da República: III Série on 5 May 1987
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 7 June 2018

Presentation of Cesar

Cesar Commune is one of the 12 communes of Oliveira de Azeméis Municipality; it had 3166 inhabitants in 2011 and covers 5.4 km².
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 7 June 2018

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