11 May 1918: Republic of the Union of Mountain Peoples of the North
Caucasus (also officially styled as "Mountain Republic" or "North Caucasus
Republic") founded in exile in Batumi (nominally consisting of 7 "states" -
Dagestan, Chechen-Ingush, Ossetia, Kabarda, Karachay-Balkar, Circassia, and
Abkhazia), independence from Russia proclaimed (not recognized by Soviet
Russia or "White" Russians).
8 Jun 1918 Independence of the Mountain Republic recognized by the
Ottoman Empire in the Treaty of Batum.
8 Nov 1918 Government of the Mountain Republic moved to Temir-Khan-Shura
(in Derbent from 12 Oct 1918).
22 Dec 1918 Constitution (Provisional Regulations on the Union Council
and Government of the Mountain Republic) adopted, the Republic actually
controlled only the largest part of the Dagestan Oblast.
24 May 1919 Mountain Republic abolished with occupation of Temir-Khan-Shura
by Denikin's "White" Armed Forces in the South of Russia (Petrovsk-Port
occupied on 21 May 1919).