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Ankara (Turkey): Universities

State universities

Last modified: 2018-07-22 by ivan sache
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Ankara University

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Flag of Ankara University - Image by Eugene Ipavec, 23 July 2010

Ankara University was established in 1946 and folded into were the pre- existing Faculties of Law (1925), Humanities (1935), Science (1943) and Medicine (1945). Later on were incorporated the Faculties of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine (1933, as the Higher Institute of Agriculture), Divinity (1949), Political Science (1950), Pharmacy (1960), Dentistry (1963), Educational Sciences (1965), Communication (1965), Health Education (1996, renamed Health Sciences in 2007) and Engineering (2001, splitting from the Faculty of Science).
In 2010, Ankara University catered 30,000 students and more than 1,710 faculty members.

The flag of Ankara University (photo, photo, photo, photo) is blue with the university's emblem, all white, in the middle.

The emblem of the university is made of the golden Sun Disc placed on a blue disc surrounded by a blue ring outlined in gold and charged with the name of the university and its founding year, 1946, all in gold. On the flag, the emblem is all white.

The symbol of Ankara University is the Sun Disc. This symbol is commonly regarded as belonging to the Hittite civilization and usually connotes Ankara and Anatolia.
After its discovery, it was first used as its symbol by the Faculty of Humanities, and later was adopted as the symbol of Ankara University after its establishment. Prof. Dr. Aykut Çınaroğlu, a retired member of the Department of Protohistory & Pre-Asia within the Faculty of Humanities explains that the Sun Disc was unearthed during the excavations that were started in 1935 under the direction of Atatürk, and in fact the symbol belongs to the Hattis from the pre-Hittite period: "The Sun Disc is made of bronze, and was commonly used over 4,250 years ago in religious as well as in other ceremonies. Just as it was used by the Ottoman Janissary Band, it was used to produce a sound when it was rattled, and this would affect the crowd by making them attentive. The circle which forms the perimeter of the disc represents either the earth or the sun. At the bottom, there are two horn-like protrusions which in fact are not representative of horns, although there is no clear agreement as to what they represent. The protrusions at the top, on the other hand represent fecundity, and the procreation of nature. The birds, also symbolize fecundity and the freedom of nature. The fact that this was a sun disc was understood after the discovery of a similar artifact shaped like the sun and beaming light, and all similar artifacts were called sun discs thereafter". Prof. Dr. Çınaroğlu stresses the point that the disc is definitely not a Hittite artifact. He explains that the disc belongs to the earliest of Anatolian civilizations whose name is known, the Hattis, and it is wrongly interpreted as being Hittite. According to Pr. Çınaroğlu, the sun disc was made and used approximately 300 years before the arrival of the Hittites in Anatolia. The Hattis were the most ancient of people speaking an Asiatic language in Anatolia, a group which also has influenced the Turkish language. Pr. Çınaroğlu says that the sun disc was discovered inside a tomb of a Hatti chieftain in Alacahöyük and is to be found nowhere else but Alacahöyük, and also that the Hatti kings were buried in funeral ceremonies typically with 4-5 such symbols of similar design.
[University website (archived)]

Eugene Ipavec & Ivan Sache, 1 November 2010


Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University

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Flag of ATBÜ - Image by Ivan Sache, 19 June 2017

Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University (Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi - AYBÜ) was established in 2010. The university is made of 11 Faculties, 4 Institutes and 3 Vocational Schools.
The university is named for Sultan Bayezid I (c. 1254-1403, reigned 1389-1403), in Turkish, Yıldırım [The Thunderbolt] Beyazıt.

The flag of AYBÜ (photos, photo, photos) is white with the university's emblem in the center.

Ivan Sache, 19 June 2017


Gazi University

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Flag of Gazi University - Image by Ivan Sache, 18 June 2017

Gazi University (Gazi Üniversitesi; website) was established in 1926 by Mustafa Kemal as the Secondary Teacher Training School and Civility Institute, renamed in 1929 as Gazi Secondary Teacher Training School and Civility Institute. Renamed in 1976 as Gazi Institute of Education, the institute was converted in 1982 to the Gazi University by Law No. 2,809.
Gazi University, with more than 80,000 students and 3,500 academic staff, is composed of 18 Faculties, 3 Colleges, 5 Vocational Colleges, 55 Research Centers and 7 Institutes. Apart from the central Ankara campus, Gazi has campuses in Beşevler, Emek, Maltepe, Çankaya, Gölbasi, Ostim, Polatlı and Kahramankazan.

The flag of Gazi University (photos, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is light blue with the university's emblem in the middle.
The title of "Gazi" (Victorious) was granted to Mustafa Kemal by the Grand National Assembly after his victory over the Greek troops in the battle of Sarkaya, fought from 23 August to 13 September 1921. The writing on the university's emblem is modelled on the signature (image) used by Mustafa Kemal after the adoption of the Latin alphabet.

Ivan Sache, 18 June 2017


Hacettepe University

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Flag of Hacettepe University - Image by Ivan Sache, 13 June 2017

The Chair of Child Health, deemed to be the origin of Hacettepe Faculty of Medicine, was founded as part of the Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University by Prof. Dr. İhsan Doğramacı on 2 February 1954. The foundation stone of the university was laid in 1957 with the Child Health Institute and Hospital within Hacettepe, which began its training, education and research activities and public services in 1958. The Nursing School, School of Medical Technology and School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation were established in 1961. The School of Health Sciences offering education in the fields of Nutrition and Dietetics was founded in 1962. It later took the name of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences in 1963. The School of Basic Sciences, Nursing School, School of Medical Technology, School of Physiotherapy-Rehabilitation, and the School of Physical Therapy were all re-structured under the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Meanwhile, the School of Dentistry was established under the same faculty. Hacettepe Science Center was established in 1965 in order to enable the coordination between the academic units within the university. Hacettepe Medical Center was established in 1966. Hacettepe Medical Center Hospital was founded in the same year.
These nucleus institutions were later chartered as Hacettepe University by Law No. 892, enacted on 8 July 1967, which began educational activities in the Faculties of Medicine, Health Sciences, Sciences and Social Sciences. The School of Home Economics was established in 1968, and the Schools of Pharmacy and Dentistry were transformed into faculties in 1971. Hacettepe University, which was further expanded in the course of time with the establishment of new departments and faculties, built its second campus on an area of 1.500 ha. in Beytepe District, 20 kms. away from the Central Campus. Hacettepe University continues its activities with 14 Faculties, 14 Graduate Schools and Institutes, 2 Applied Schools, 1 Conservatory, 5 Vocational Schools, and 105 Research and Application Centers.
[University website]

İhsan Doğramacı (1915-2010) was a paedatrician and philanthropist of Iraqi Turkmen descent. The founding President of the Council of Higher Education of Turkey (1981-1992), he founded in 1984 Bilkent University,the first private university in Turkey. He was the last living signatory of the WHO Constitution (1946). and chaired the Board of UNICEF (1968-1970).

The flag of the university (photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem in the center.

The logo of the university was designed in 1967 by a student, Yücel Tanyeri, now Professor at the Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Medicine:
One day, Prof. Dr. İhsan Doğramacı approached me and asked me to design a logo for the university in three days... However, I had a lot weight on my shoulders those days due to my upcoming exams, and needed a free mind and more time for such a serious work. But there was no turning back once Prof. Dr. İhsan Doğramacı asked something to be done.
I thought of the deer logo I drew for the Theater Club one year ago. The logo represented the Hittites in the Theater Club and the letters "H" and "T" for Hacettepe. In no time, I drew the logo more properly and submitted it to Prof. Dr. İhsan Doğramacı.
Soon the logo was anonymously accepted as the university logo at the Senate Meeting, a fact that I could not quite understand back in those days... But as Hacettepe University developed every day, I realized that it was one of the greatest things that ever happened to me... Moreover, I was honored that Prof. Dr. İhsan Doğramacı asked me to design a logo for Hacettepe University, as he knew well-known and talented artists who could very well assume the responsibility. But he wanted the logo of the university which he founded out of thin air with great efforts to be done by a student of that very university.
I saw the pride and joy Prof. Dr. İhsan Doğramacı took in this during the Logo Ceremony when I was presented a big bronze medallion... One side of the medallion reads “To Yücel Tanveri for winning the Hacettepe University Logo Contest…” and, under that, there is an open book and a burning candle, and the writing "Hacettepe University, 1967". On the other side of the medallion, there is the Hacettepe University Logo and the University Motto "TO THE LEADING EDGE… TOWARD BEING THE BEST...".
[University website]

Ivan Sache, 13 June 2017


Middle East Technical University

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Flag of the METU, three versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 25 April 2018

METU (website) was established by Law No. 6,8887, enacted on 29 January 1957, as Middle East High Technology Institute (Orta Doğu Yüksek Teknoloji Enstitüsü), transformed into METU by Law No. 7,307, enacted on 27 May 1959.
METU is composed of the Faculties of Architecture, Arts and Sciences, Economic and Administrative Sciences, Education, and Engineering, of 5 Graduate Schools and of 5 Vocational Schools.
METU has a branch in Northern Cyprus (website).

The flag of METU (photo) is vertically divided white-red with the university's emblem, counter-colored.
METU also uses a white flag with the university's emblem, surrounded by its English name and year of foundation, in red (photo) and a white flag with the university's emblem and the writing "METU", in red letters, beneath it (photo). The white flag is used (photo), in a less official context (students' association) without writing.

Klaus-Michael Schneider & Ivan Sache, 25 April 2018


Social Sciences University of Ankara

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Flag of ASBÜ - Image by Ivan Sache, 17 June 2017

Social Sciences University of Ankara (Ankara Sosyal Bilimler Üniversitesi - ASBÜ; website) was established in 2013. The university is composed of 5 Faculties (Social Sciences and Humanities, Political Sciences, Foreign Languages, Religious Sciences, and Law) and 5 Research Institutes (Social Sciences, East and Africa, Turkish World, Western World, and Islamic Studies).

The flag of ASBÜ (photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem in the middle.
The emblem ( detailed explanation) is derived from the historical building housing ASBÜ, originally designed in 1925 by architect Yahya Ahmet Bey as the office of the Prime Minister.
The arch is taken from the first floor of the central corps of the building.
The Tree of Life creates a vertical symbolism of ever-growing, rising life. It symbolizes the universe living in continuous development and change in a broad sense. With its roots descending to the depth of the earth, the underground, the lower branches, and the skyline of the sky combine with the ascendant paradise. The tree provides communication between earth and heaven.
[ASBÜ website]

Ivan Sache, 17 June 2017