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Bursa (Metropolitan Municipality,Turkey)

Last modified: 2019-01-13 by ivan sache
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Flag of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality, three versions - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 20 November 2017


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Presentation of Bursa

Bursa is the fourth most populous town in Turkey (1,704,441 inhabitants in the town proper in 2011, 1,948,744 in the Metropolitan Municipality).
Bursa was one of the first capital of the Ottoman State (1335), therefore its historical and cultural significance. The town is built in the foots of Uludağ, the mountain that has the most important winter sports resort in Turkey. Bursa has a significant role in Turkish industry with its proximity to supplies and distribution means.

Onur Özgün, 3 September 2004


Flag of Bursa

The flag of Bursa (photo, photo, photo), also used vertically (photo, photo) is blue with the municipality's emblem. "Büyükşehir Belediyesi" means "Metropolitan Municipality".

The emblem of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality was chosen by the Municipality Assembly on 22 June 1976 among three submissions. The winning design was drawn by graphic artist Nazmi Günes.
From top to bottom, the following elements are shown on the emblem; Uludağ, the mountain that is close to Bursa; the Green Tomb, the tomb of Çelebi Mehmet constructed in 1421; Ulu Cami, one of the most important mosques of early Ottoman history and architecture; and kilickalkan dancers, a Turkish folk dance performed with a shield and a sword.
In 1991, after receiving the European City Award, the municipality added 12 stars around the emblem, which recall the European Union flag.

Built in the Seljuk style, Ulu Cami was ordered by the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and built between 1396 and 1399 by architect Ali Neccar. Ulu Cami is the largest mosque in Bursa and a landmark of early Ottoman architecture which used many elements from the Seljuk architecture. It is a large rectangular building, with 20 domes arranged in four rows of five that are supported by 12 columns. Supposedly the 20 domes were built instead of the 20 separate mosques which Sultan Bayezid I had promised for winning the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. The mosque has two minarets.
There is also a fountain (şadırvan) inside the mosque where worshipers can perform ritual ablutions before prayer; the dome over the şadırvan is capped by a skylight which creates a soft light below, playing an important role in the illumination of the large building. The horizontally spacious and dimly lit interior is designed to feel peaceful and contemplative. The subdivisions of space formed by multiple domes and pillars create a sense of privacy and even intimacy.
[Beautiful Mosques Gallery]

Onur Özgün, Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 20 November 2017


Former flag of Bursa

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Former flag of Bursa - Image by Jens Pattke, 30 September 2012

The former flag of Bursa (photo) was blue with the municipality's emblem in full colors.

Onur Özgün, Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 23 October 2017


Logo flag

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Logo flag of Bursa - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 30 April 2015

The logo flag of Bursa (photo) is inscribed with the motto "Ulu Şehir", "The Big Town".

Tomislav Šipek, 30 April 2015


Bursa Water and Sewerage Administration

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Flag of BUSKİ - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 25 January 2018

The flag of BUSKİ (photo, photo, photo) is white with the administration's logo.

Tomislav Šipek, 25 January 2018


Universities

Bursa Technical University

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Flag of BTÜ - Image by Ivan Sache, 2 December 2017

BTÜ (website), established by a Decree of the Council of Ministers published on 21 July 2010 in the Turkish official gazette, No. 27,648, is composed of 6 Faculties, 2 Institutes and 1 School.

The flag of BTÜ (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem.
The emblem was created by Tülay Palza under tutorship by Assistant Professor Mehtap Sagocak. Uludağ, the emblematic mountain dominating Bursa, is represented in turquoise blue on a very light blue background representing the sky.
Atom and energy are represented in navy blue above the mountain. Each spiral looks like a human being; the group of spirals represents synergy and unity.
The colors are prescribed as follows (BTÜ website):

Very light blue   Pantone Blue C          CMYK 100-13-1-2   RGB 0-136-206
Turquoise blue    Pantone 3135 C          CMYK 100-0-20-0   RGB 0-148-179
Navy blue         Pantone Reflex Blue C   CMYK 100-89-0-0   RGB 0-34-149

Ivan Sache, 2 December 2017


Uludağ University

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Flag of BTÜ - Image by Ivan Sache, 16 February 2018

Uludağ University (website), established in 1975 as Bursa University, was renamed in 1982 for the emblematic mountain dominating the town.
The university is composed of 13 Faculties, 2 Schools, 15 Vocational schools and 4 Institutes.

The flag of the university (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem. The flag is also used (photo, photo, photo) with a celestial blue background and the emblem countercolored.

The emblem was designed in 1975, on the model of the Green Mosque. The eight-pointed star represents the eight faculties that formed the original university.
Turquoise was selected as the traditional color of Iznik tiles used to decorate the Green Mosque.
[University website]

Ivan Sache, 16 February 2018


Bursa Chamber of Commerce and Industry

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Flag of BTSO - Image by Ivan Sache, 22 November 2017

BTSO (website) was established on 6 June 1889 as the Bursa Chamber of Commerce. The Bursa Chamber of Commerce united with the Chamber of Industry established a year later and became the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

The flag of BTSO (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the organization's logo.

Ivan Sache, 22 November 2017


Bursaspor

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Flag of Bursaspor - Image by Ivan Sache, 21 February 2016

Bursaspor (website) was established in 1963 in Bursa, as the merger of five amateur football clubs, Acar İdman Yurdu, Akınspor, Çelikspor, İstiklalspor, and Pınarspor. The club joined the First League in 1967 and won the Cup of Turkey in 1987.
The best achievement of Bursaspor, however, is the win of the First League in 2010; Bursaspor was only the 5th Turkish and 2nd Anatolian club (26 years after Trabzonspor) to win the title.

The flag of Bursaspor (photo) is white with three horizontal green stripes and the club's emblem in the center.
The emblem associates the club's colour - green for the green environment of the town and white for snow covering Mt. Uludağ - and the Turkish flag.
The five stars (black, red, yellow, green and blue) and year "1963" have been featured on the six emblems successively used by the club since its foundation. The five stars represent the clubs that merged to form Bursaspor.
[Club website]

Ivan Sache, 21 February 2016