In UK usage, a crown formed from various modern yachting sails placed upon a circle or
fillet that appears on the duty ensign and burgee of the British Yachting Association and
is (as far as is known) unique to them – the RYA crown – but see note below (also
‘fillet 3)’ and
Please note that the defaced ensign and burgee may only be flown by officers of the Association whilst on official duty, and that ordinary members fly either the house/hoist flag or burgee
- see 'hoist flag'.
Half a yard, on board ships reference is made to the port or starboard yard
arms to indicate which side of the mast a flag is to be hoisted (see also
'mast 2)' and ‘yard’.
Notes a) On a flag pole or mast fitted with a yard (either
ashore or afloat) the senior position is at the starboard yardarm (this being the right hand side
when looking towards the bow of a ship or the left hand when facing a flag pole ashore).
b) When yards carry more than one halyard on a side, the outermost halyard on the
starboard yardarm (or starboard outer) is the most senior position.
Notes a) In the Royal navy during the 18th and early 19th Centuries, promotions
from and above the rank of post captain were entirely dependent upon seniority regardless of any talent (or lack of it) in the person concerned,
b) thus at Trafalgar (1805) Nelson, although commanding a fleet of 27 ships of the line and four frigates, was only a Vice-Admiral of the White.
YEOMAN OF SIGNALS
In British Royal Navy usage and some others, a rating with the rank of Petty Officer who has
specialised in the handling and conducting of flag signals in the communications departments of a
naval vessel (see also
'flags 1)' and
YIN-YANG (or YIN AND YANG)
An ancient symbol consisting of a circle with two interlinked halves, and intended to represent
complementary opposites within a greater whole – dark and light, male and female or high and low etc.