(adj) The alternative heraldic terms used when a division in the field of a banner of arms or
shield, or the edge of an ordinary, is cut into a series of projecting curves or half
circles strung together - that is with the half-circles facing outward and the points
inward - invecked, envecked, or invecqued - see ‘engrailed’
(also ‘armorial bearings’,
‘banner of arms’,
‘coat of arms’,
Notes a) The above term should only be used when the cross
pattée being described is black, carries a white or silver border and/or is of Germanic origin.
b) Although based upon a military decoration this cross was ultimately derived from the symbol of the Medieval Teutonic Order as referenced above.
ISSUANT (or ISSANT)
The alternative heraldic terms used when a charge emerges out of the base of a field or a chief, from an ordinary
or from the upper edge of a fess, or from a coronet. – issant or rising
from – but see note below and ‘naissant 1)’ (also
‘coronet 1)’ and
Flag of Gempenach, Switzerland (fotw);
Flag of Lindlar, Germany (fotw):
Flag of Sâles, Switzerland (fotw)
Please note that in modern heraldry the term for a charge or figure
emerging from the side of a shield, banner of arms or a flag is naissant - see
The term sometimes used to describe a shield of the decorative, post-medieval type most often seen in Italian personal and civic heraldry but see note below -
a horse-head shield (also ‘Renaissance
The Arms of Messina, Italy (ita24)
Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.