(adj) The alternative heraldic terms used when a division in the field of a banner of arms or
shield, or the edge of an ordinary, is cut into a series of projecting curves or half
circles strung together - that is with the half-circles facing outward and the points
inward - invecked, envecked, or invecqued
(see also ‘armorial bearings’,
‘banner of arms’,
‘coat of arms’,
Notes a) The above term should only be used when the cross
pattée being described is black and carries a white or silver border and/or is of Germanic origin. b) Although based upon a military decoration this cross was ultimately derived from the symbol of the Medieval Teutonic Order as referenced above.
ISSUANT (or ISSANT)
The alternative heraldic terms used when a charge emerges out of the base of a field or a chief, from an ordinary
or from the upper edge of a fess, or from a coronet. – issant – but see note below and ‘naissant 1)’ (also
‘coronet 1)’ and
The term sometimes used to describe a shield of the decorative, post-medieval type most often seen in Italian personal and civic heraldry but see note below - a horse-head shield.
The Arms of Messina, Italy (ita24)
Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.