The term sometimes used to describe a shield of the decorative,
post-medieval type most often seen in Italian personal and civic heraldry but
see note below - an ‘Italian shield’.
The Arms of Messina, Italy (ita24)
Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of
standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.
1) In heraldry a charge that, unless blazoned otherwise should always be shown with its open ends
downward – a fer-de-cheval see also ‘blazon’).
2) In vexillology a charge, sometimes undetailed, that has no specific orientation.
Flag of Dribin, Belarus (fotw); Arms and Flag of Poczesna,
A decoration for military flags, especially in China where it is usually red;
made of real or simulated horsehair and is almost certainly descended from a
Mongolian vexilloid (see also ‘tugh 1)’).
Please note that the standards of some former French
cavalry units (notably the Spahis originally raised in North Africa) were also
decorated by horsetails - see ‘toug’.
1) The distinguishing flag or pennant of a merchant marine company flown at sea by ships
owned or managed by that company, and from their headquarters on shore – a
shipping or shipping company house flag or pennant (see also ‘flags and funnels’,
‘pennant 2)’) and
In Continental usage those terms, and translations of the German hausmarken or
housmarke, that may be used to describe the symbol or symbols used by non-armigerous
tradesmen in place of a coat of arms – a house brand or merchant mark (see also
‘coat of arms 2)’ and
Please note that in strict English heraldic usage this term should only be applied when the charge described in blue (“azure”) – see ‘tinctures’.
HUSBAND PENNANT (or WIMPEL)
In Scandinavian (particularly Finnish) usage the colloquial term, and a direct translation
of the Finnish “isännänviiri” or Swedish “husbondsvimpel”, used for a provincial wimpel – see
Husband Pennant/Provincial Wimpel of Kainuu, Finland (fotw)