The term which may be used to describe a charge (such as a cross, star or sun) that is given a three-dimensional
appearance by the use of contrasting colours or of simple construction lines -
a sectored cross/star gyronny (see also
and ‘sectored 2)’).
The terms for that practice, now obsolete, of showing a contrasting shade on the lapels,
cuffs and tails (the turnbacks) of military uniforms, and in UK usage largely
corresponding to the background of their respective regimental colour –
facings - see ‘colour 2)’ and ‘buff’.
Soldier of the Regiment d’lle-de France 1720, France (Wikipedia); Soldier of the 8th Regiment of Foot 1741, UK (Wikipedia);
Regimental Colour of the 9th Regiment of Foot 1757. UK (fotw)
1) An imprecise term sometimes (incorrectly) used for an erroneously
reported flag instead of the precise terms fictional or fictitious flag – see
‘fictional flag’ and ‘fictitious flag’
Please note that this term may be considered as a logical impossibility
since any flag, or depiction of a flag, whether fictional or fictitious, remains a flag whatever its
real status as long as it meets the basic definition of flag as given herein.
An ensign or other flag displayed by a vessel not entitled to it, and usually (but not invariably)
employed by warships as a ruse de guerre (see also
‘colours 4)’ and
‘false flag 1)’ below).
Notes a) This practice is considered perfectly
acceptable providing the correct ensign is raised before the commencement of hostilities.
b) The French phrase “ruse de guerre” – literally translated as trick of war – means an action designed to delude an enemy as to one’s identity and/or intentions.
FALSE FLAG (or ENSIGN)
1) The term which may be used for a flag or ensign that is made to resemble an established
or historic design in order to deceive the observer, either as to origins of the flag itself,
or the identity of those displaying it (see also ‘flag of pretence 1)’).
1) A medieval generic term, now obsolete, for any flag, banner or pennant (see also ‘vane’ and its following note). 2) In Danish usage, a term that may be employed to describe flags (either military or civilian) carried in
a parade situation (see also ‘colour 2)’ and
Lance Pennon of Sir Robert Knolles, Knight Banneret c1360, England;
Military Colour, Denmark (fotw)
Please note the similarity between this term and the
German Fahne or flag.
1) A small bicolour used for marking a position in surveying (see also
2) A small flag or pennant that is used on military
vehicles for marker purposes – a vehicular or convoy flag (see also
‘regimental colours 2)’).
3) In French military/naval usage, a small flag issued at company (unit or squadron) level
and originally employed as markers, for signal purposes or as camp colours, but which have acquired an
additional ceremonial role (see also
‘camp colour 1)’,
‘camp colour 3)’,
‘jack of honour’ and
A term – often divided into lightfastness and washfastness - used to describe the ability of
a fabric (and of its dye) to maintain its original colour and intensity, thus a determining
factor in calculating the life of an outdoor flag.