- PAPAL CROSS
- The term that describes a cross with three horizontal arms crossing the vertical, and considered to represent
the Papacy – a three-armed, a triple-armed or triple cross – but see ‘orthodox cross’
‘cross of Lorraine’ and
‘two and a half armed cross’).
Flag and Arms of Binn, Switzerland (fotw
& Wikipedia); Flag
and Arms of
Dolní Bečva, Czechia (fotw)
- PARADE FLAG (or PENNANT)
- 1) Generically, the term for any flag (or pennant) intended to be carried outdoors in a parade situation,
and made with appropriate materials and accessories - a marching flag/pennant.
- 2) Specifically, the term for that flag which is not a military colour as defined herein, but which is treated
and/or accessorized as such – for example those of the Royal British Legion (see also
‘staff’ 3)’ and
Parade Flag of the Royal Naval Association, UK (Graham Bartram); Parade Flag of the Royal British Legion, UK (Graham Bartram)
a) There are basically three ways
involving a sleeve by which a parade flag or military colour may be affixed to
its staff - with decorative nails (often a precisely regulated number of nails),
by means of a grommet and clip, or by tab and screw (see also
‘sleeve 2)’ and
The practice of tying a colour/parade flag to its staff, or attaching it by cloth loops or metal rings
is still occasionally seen (see also ‘grommet’,
‘sleeve 2)’, 'tab'
- PARLAY (or PARLEY) FLAG
- See ‘flag of truce’.
- 1) In vexillology a term that may be used when two colours are reversed along a flag’s centre line.
2) In heraldry see ‘counterchanged’.
Flag of Las Labores, Spain (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Barnim, Germany (Wikipedia & fotw)
- PARTIALLY COVERING
- A term that may be used when a canton or other charge does not entirely cover one or more
of the stripes in a multi-striped flag – for example, a white disk partially covering the
centre two stripes on the national flag of Uganda as illustrated below (see also
‘overall 1)’ and
Flag of Vista Alegre do Alto, Brazil (fotw);
Flag of Maranhão, Brazil (fotw); National Flag of
Please note that this term is never used alone but always with the number of stripes
being covered and/or partially covered.
- The heraldic term that may be used when a shield or banner of arms is divided into two
horizontally, vertically or diagonally, or into four diagonally - see
‘per bend’, ‘per bend sinister’,
‘per fess’, ‘per pale’ and ‘per saltire’).
Party Per Fess, Per Pale, Per Bend, Per Bend Sinister and Per Saltire
Please note that this term is never used alone, but always with the term describing the
direction of any such division, for example party per fess.
- PARTY FLAG
- See ‘political flag 1)’.
A Flag of the
Communist Party, Iraq (fotw)
- PASCAL LAMB
- See ‘agnus dei’.
Flag and Arms of Bennwil, Switzerland (fotw
- The heraldic term used when an animal is depicted walking on all four paws, or with one paw raised, and generally towards the dexter – but see ‘trippant’.
Flag of West-Friesland c1720, The Netherlands (fotw);
Flag of Košařiska, Czechia (fotw);
Arms of Homberg upon Efze, Germany (Wikipedia);
Flag of Beernem, Belgium (fotw)
- PASTORAL STAFF
- See ‘crozier’.
Flag of Basel, Switzerland (fotw)
- PASSANT GUARDANT (or PASSANT GARDANT)
- In heraldry see ‘guardant’ and ‘passant’.
Royal Standard and
Arms of England 1198 – 1340 (fotw
& Wikipedia); Flag of
Häggenschwil, Switzerland (fotw)
- PATCHWORK FLAG
- 1) A flag or flag-like image that combines the national flags of those nations which
make up a supra-national entity or geographic area (see also
‘linguistic flags 1)’ and
2) A flag which illustrates the unity and/or ethnic mix of an area’s population by displaying a combination of the appropriate images.
3) See ‘combined flag’.
Example of a EU Patchwork Flag (fotw);
Flag of Kiel, US (fotw); Combined Flag c1914 -
Standard of the Allies (fotw)
- PATRIARCHAL CROSS
- A heraldic term for the cross of Lorraine - see ‘cross of Lorraine’.
Arms and Flag of Wallbach, Switzerland (Wikipedia and fotw)
- PATTÉE (PATÉE, PATTY or PATY) CROSS
- In heraldry see ‘cross pattée’ .
Arms of Rzeszów, Poland (fotw); House flag of the Companhia Nacional de Navegação Costeira, Brazil (fotw)
- The heraldic term for an ermine-lined velvet robe of state that is draped
from a crown or coronet and framing a royal or princely coat of arms. If behind
a non-royal coat of arms it becomes a mantle (see also
‘coat of arms’,
and and ‘royal arms’).
Royal Arms of Egypt 1922 – 1953 (fotw);
Royal Arms of Sweden (fotw); Grand-Ducal Arms of Liechtenstein (fotw);
Greater Arms of Serbia (fotw)
- A term for the decorative display of shields along the sides of a ship – a practice now obsolete – see ‘deck flags’ (also ‘ancient 2)’
‘crown of arms’, (also ‘postures’ and ‘streamer 2)’).
English Pavisade c1530 (CS)
a) This term is derived from the “pavise” which was a large shield behind which crossbowmen sheltered whilst reloading – see ‘crossbow’,
b) The practice of hanging shields along the sides of a fighting ship began as a defensive measure but had become largely decorative by the mid-16th Century.
- The medieval European term for a triangular flag or pennant whose lower edge was
at right angles to its staff, but which may be extended to include the increasingly
(but not entirely) obsolete oriental flag or pennant of this same pattern - see
‘dhvaja’ and ‘prayer flag’
(also ‘double pavon’).
Flag of the Coast Guard, China 1881 (fotw); Flags of
c1900 (fotw); Flag of the Customs Service, China 1881 (fotw)
Please note that the Editors have introduced an extension of this term, as no
accurate and/or established alternative could be found to cover the Oriental examples.
- PAYING OFF PENNANT
- In British RN usage and in some others the term for an extra long version of the standard masthead pennant; it is the tradition
in some navies that a ship on her final voyage, or at the end of an extended deployment
out of home waters, should fly a special pennant the length of which is commensurate
with the length of her last commission, or of the deployment being completed -
an action pennant, a homeward bound pennant or decommissioning pennant (see also
‘masthead pennant 1) & 2)’).
See supplemental note.