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Dictionary of Vexillology: I (In Abeyance - Inflamed)

Last modified: 2022-09-10 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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IN ABEYANCE
The term used when a flag or office is no longer in current use, but which may be re-introduced at some future date – see the second note following ‘flag captain’; also ‘broad command pennant 2)’ and ‘rank flag 1)’).

Rank Flag of a Marshal of France Rank Flag of a Marshal of France
Rank Flag of a Marshal of France (fotw); Former First Class Commodore’s Broad Pennant, UK

Please note that two examples would be the rank flag of Marshal of France (which office has no extant holder) and the broad pennant of a commodore first class (a rank in abeyance since 1958.


IN ANNULO
The heraldic term used when a series of objects are set equidistant around a central point – see ‘annulet’ and ‘conjoined’ (also ‘orled 3)’ and ‘rosette’).

example example example
Flag of Ulvik, Norway (fotw); Flag of Samnanger, Norway (fotw); Flag of Hemne, Norway (fotw)


IN BASE
The heraldic term used when a charge or charges appear in the lower part of a shield, banner of arms or flag – see ‘base 1)’ (also ‘abased’, ‘banner of arms’, and ‘shield’).

example


IN BEND
The heraldic term used when an object, charge or charges on a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof are placed diagonally from top left to bottom right across the field – but see ‘bendwise 2) (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘bend’, and ‘per bend’ and ‘quartering 1)’).

in bend in bend in bend
Flag of Nidfurn, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Surrey, UK (fotw); Flag of Benken, Switzerland (fotw)


IN BEND SINISTER
The heraldic term used when an object, charge or charges on a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof are placed diagonally from bottom left to top left right across the field – but see ‘bendwise 2) (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘bend sinister’, ‘per bend sinister’ and ‘quartering 1)’).

in bend sinister in bend sinister in bend sinister
Flag of Luzein, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Wallisellen, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Wolfenchiessen, Switzerland (fotw)


IN CHIEF
1) The heraldic term used when a charge or charges appear in the upper part of a shield, banner of arms or flag – see ‘chief’ (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘enhanced’ and ‘shield’).
2) In English naval usage now obsolete, a term officially employed to describe a charge placed in the upper hoist canton – see ‘canton 2)’.

example English red ensign 1625
Example; English Red Ensign c1625 – 1707 (fotw)


IN COMMISSION
In British RN, USN and some other usage, the phrase used to describe a warship that is active, manned and ready for combat – see ‘masthead pennant 1)’.

example
Commissioning Pennant of South Africa (fotw)


IN FESS
The heraldic term used when an object, charge or charges on a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof appear in a horizontal position – but see ‘fesswise 2)’ and the note below (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘fess’, ‘per fess’ and ‘quartering 1)’).

flag - Biljie, Croatia arms - Biljie, Croatia Caernarfonshire, Wales
Flag and Arms of Bilje, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Caernarfonshire, UK (fotw)

Please note charges can be arranged in fess but orientated palewise as per the examples below, with would be blazoned as “…three shovels palewise in fess”’

Siljan, Norway Siljan, Norway
Flag and Arms of Siljan, Norway (fotw)


IN PALE
A heraldic term used when the charges on a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof are arranged one above the other, or when an individual charge is seen in the vertical – but see ‘palewise 2)’ (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘pale’, and ‘per pale’ and ‘quartering 1)’).

in pale in pale in pale
Flag of Stankovci, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Mandal, Norway (fotw); Flag of West-Friesland, The Netherlands (fotw)


IN PALL
The heraldic term used when the charges on a shield, a banner of arms or a flag are arranged in the form of a pall – see ‘pall 2)’ and ‘per pall’.

arms per pall flag per pall flag per pall
Flag of Sor-Odal, Norway (fotw); Flag of Ebikon, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Masfjorden, Norway (fotw)


IN SALTIRE
The heraldic term used when two separate objects or charges are placed across each other diagonally on a flag, shield or banner of arms - saltirewise (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘saltire’ and ‘per saltire’.

In Saltire In Saltire In Saltire
Arms of Babimost, Poland (fotw); Flag of Biel/Bienne, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Milíkov, Czechia (fotw);


INACTIVE
In vexillology a term that may be used to describe when the rays of a star or sun emblem, or a radiating stripe, are straight-edged – see ‘active’ (also ‘active and inactive’, ‘radiating’, ‘rays 1)’ and ‘star’ and its following note, ‘sun emblem’ and ‘sunburst’).

[inactive example] [inactive example] [inactive example]
Flag of Sarawak, Malaysia (fotw); National Flag of Antigua-Barbuda (fotw); Flag of Bodř, Norway (fotw)


INCENSED
1) The heraldic term for when a wild beast has fire issuing from its mouth or eyes.
2) A term sometimes incorrectly used in place of ‘inflamed’ – see ‘inflamed’.

incensed incensed
Arms and Flag of Gorlice, Poland (fotw)

Please note with regard to 1) that only a wild beast should be described as “incensed”, and that other charges are “inflamed”.


INCLINED FLY
A term used when the fly of a flag is cut diagonally so that the upper length of the flag is greater than its lower length – a type largely limited to Central Europe (see also ‘length 1)’, ‘schwenkel’ and ‘swallow-tail(ed)’).

[inclined fly flag] [inclined fly flag]
Flag of Jarocin County, Poland (fotw); Flag of Pleszew County, Poland (fotw)

Please note that this is not an established term, but has been introduced by the Editors since no suitable (or suitably descriptive) alternative could be found.


INCRESCENT (or INCREMENT)
In heraldry see ‘moon 2)’ with following note.

Oron-la-ville
Flag of Oron-la-ville, Switzerland (fotw)


INDENTED
1) The heraldic term used when the edge of an ordinary or the partition line on a shield, banner of arms or flag is notched as in  ‘dancetty’ but with smaller/narrower teeth - endented.
2) See ‘embattled’).

indented indented indented
Flag of Ulstein, Norway (fotw); Arms and Flag of Wunstorf, Germany (fotw)


INDENTED EDGE
See ‘scalloped 1)’.

[indented edge example] [indented edge example]
Two Merchant Flags, Portugal 16th/17th Century (fotw)


INDENTATION(S)
A term that may be used to describe the shape remaining at the fly of a flag or pennant where that fly has been cut into two or more tails - see ‘swallow-tail(ed)’ (also ‘hussar cut’, ‘palm’, ‘pennant 2)’, ‘swallow-tail and tongue’ and ‘tongues’).

indentation example indentation example
Flag of Banská Bystrica, Slovakia (fotw); Flag of Bojná, Slovakia (fotw)


INDIVIDUAL FLAG.
In U.S. army usage, the flag denoting an officer's rank – see ‘rank flag 1)’ (also ‘distinguishing flag 3)’, ‘flag of command’ and ‘personal flag 4)’).

individual flag - US army brigadier general
Individual/Rank Flag of a Brigadier General, US Army (fotw)


INDOOR FLAG
A flag made expressly for display inside a building and sometimes fringed. It is often made from more costly materials, is enhanced by embroidered detail, and is fitted with a sleeve for attachment to a staff – a dress flag or flag of ceremony (see also ’ceremonial flag 1)’, ‘cord’, ‘embroider’, ‘flag spreader’, ‘fringe’, ‘sleeve 2)’, ‘staff 2)’ and ‘tassels’).

indoor flag - US secretary of agriculture indoor flag - US Secretary of Health and Human Resources indoor flag - US Secretary of the Interior
Indoor Flag of The Secretary of Agriculture, US (fotw); Indoor Flag of the Secretary of Health and Human Resources, US (fotw); Indoor Flag of The Secretary of The Interior, US (fotw)


INESCUTCHEON
The heraldic term for one shield appearing within another (usually – but not invariably - at its centre point) – a heart shield – but see notes below (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘coat of arms’ ‘escutcheon’, ‘escutcheon of pretence 1)’, ‘escutcheon of pretence 2)’, ‘overall’ and ‘quartering 1)’).

inescutcheon inescutcheon Varaždin County, Croatia
Flag of Kalkar, Germany (fotw); Flag of Friedrichstadt, Germany (fotw); Flag of Varaždin County, Croatia (fotw)

Notes
a) Please note that some heraldic sources propose that this term should also be used when more than one shield appears within another, but it is suggested that a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary should be consulted for further information.
b) However, one further (authoritative) source states that an inescutcheon should be placed on or near the fess-point, and that the term “escutcheon” be used for any that are seen in another position – see ‘honour-point 2)’.


INFLAMED
The heraldic term used when a charge is shown with flames coming from it – ardent, enflamed or flamed – but see ‘incensed 1)’ (also ‘flamant’).

Inflamed Arms - Gornja Stubica, Croatia Flag - Geroldswil, Switzerland
Flag of Lugaggia, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Gornja Stubica, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Geroldswil, Switzerland (fotw)


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