Last modified: 2020-09-05 by rob raeside
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a) With regard to 1), the varying types of (historical) Japanese flag are in the process of detailed classification, and the terms given above have been limited to those in general use.
b) The“sashimono” and “uma-jirushi”, whilst currently employed to describe flags, can also refer to a vexilloid - see ‘vexilloid 2)’.
Arms of Poiares e Canelas, Portugal (fotw); Flag and Arms of Nazaré, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Castro de Filabres, Spain (fotw); Flag of Tetouan 1968–76, Morocco (fotw)
National Flag of Denmark (fotw)
The Reverse of the National Flag of Saudi Arabia in some De Facto use, and as regulated (fotw); the Reverse of the National Flag of Saudi Arabia as regulated; National Flag of Zimbabwe in some De Facto use, and as regulated.
a) It is suggested that the above terms should not be used when describing a flag for which no known official specifications exist, therefore, no de jure design from which a de facto flag may differ, and under these circumstances we recommend that the term “variant” be employed - see ‘variant 2)’. b) An example of de jure as opposed to de facto is the proportions of the Belgian national flag which is regulated at 13:15, but which is most often see in practice with the civil ensign ratio of 2:3.
National Flag of Belgium as regulated, plus the Civil Ensign of Belgium as regulated (which is also the de facto National Flag); National Flag of the Vatican as regulated, and the unofficial 2:3 version actually flown
Example; Flag and Arms of Rennebu, Norway (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Alto do Seixalinho, Portugal (fotw); Flag of L’Abbaye, Switzerland (fotw)
The Salamander, English Royal Navy c1525 (Wikipedia)
Flag and Arms of Častrov, Czechia (fotw)
A Stafford Knot (Wikipedia); Flag of Staffordshire, UK (fotw); Flag of FIAV (fotw)
Please note that the several types of decorative knot used in heraldry are rarely used on flags, so are beyond the remit of this dictionary, and we suggest that a suitable source be consulted if further details are required.
Flag and Arms of Schinznach Dorf, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)
Ensign of the Training Ship Foudroyant c1817 – 1897 (fotw); Flag of the British Virgin Islands (fotw); Canadian Red Ensign 1957 – 1965 (fotw); Civil Ensign of New Zealand (fotw)
Please note that in heraldry and vexillology the term has no pejorative connotation (but see also ‘desecrate’ and/or ‘disfigure’).
Defaced – Government Service Ensign, UK; Undefaced – Reserve Ensign, UK (fotw); Defaced – Royal St George Yacht Club, UK, Undefaced – Civil Ensign, UK (fotw)
Flag of Romoos, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Langenhagen, Germany (fotw); Flag and Arms of Pardubice, Czechia (fotw); Flag of Bleckmar, Germany (fotw)
a) One-half of an animal or other charge that is placed against the vertical centre line of a shield, banner of arms or a flag, is said to be ‘dimidiated’, whilst any such emerging from side of a shield, banner of arms or flag should be termed ‘naissant’ as illustrated below.
b) This term is never used alone, but always with the charge being so described – for example a demi-horse as shown above.
Flag and Arms of Krásné Pole, Czechia (fotw); Flag of Kalbe upon Milde, Germany (fotw)
Arms and Flag of Rastede, Germany (Wikipedia & fotw)
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