1) In vexillology a term that may be used when one charge is placed above or at the
top of another – but see ‘above 1)’ (also ‘charge 1)’ and topped 1)).
2) In heraldry the term used when an ordinary or a charge (or charges) is
(or are) placed over – that is in front of – another as per the examples given
below, and which generally (although not exclusively) touches the field – but see the notes below,
charged 2), ‘debruised’ and
‘overall 2)’ (also
Notes a) With regard to 2) the correct heraldic term for a charge (such as a crown or coronet)
placed above rather than over - that is in front of - another is ‘ensigned’
as referenced above.
b) Also please note with regard to 2), it is suggested that a glossary or dictionary or heraldry be consulted with regard to comparative
use of the terms "charged", “overall” and “surmounted by”.
1) See fictitious flag.
2) A flag that is introduced as a replacement for one previously in use but now banned.
Surrogate/Fictitious flag of the Soviet Army (fotw);
Surrogate Civil Ensign 1945, Japan (fotw)
An alternative heraldic term to overall - see ‘overall 2)’.
War Flag/State Flag/Naval Ensign of Norway (fotw); War Flag/Naval Ensign of
Naval Ensign of Sweden (fotw)
An ancient symbol in the form of an equal-armed cross with each arm continued at
a right angle, presently used (running anti-clockwise) as the emblem of a Chinese
humanitarian organization founded in 1922 and of the Korean Buddhists, (in a clock-wise form) on some flags of Finland, and until 1945 as the emblem of the German Nazi Party – a
crooked/hooked cross, fylfot or cross potent rebated (see also ‘arrow cross’,
‘cross 2)’, ‘rune(s)’
and ‘sun cross’).
A sharp-edged weapon consisting of a blade and a hilt (handle); it will
usually be equipped with a full or partial handguard and
in some cases also a pommel. Swords vary much with period and region, although in general (vexillological) use the name largely (but by no means exclusively) refers to a
having a straight double-edged blade, with a hilt, cross-guard and pommel, and based upon a classical Roman short-sword the gladius
but see sabre’, ‘scimitar’ and ‘zulfikar’
(also ‘hilted’ and ‘pommeled’).
Flag of Chavusy, Belarus (fotw);
Flag of Haarlem, The Netherlands (fotw);
Flag of the Army, UK (fotw)
Please note that the many types of sword are beyond the remit of this dictionary, and it is suggested that a suitable source be consulted if further details are required.