1) In vexillology a term that may be used when one charge is placed above or at the
top of another – but see ‘above 1)’ (also ‘charge 1)’ and Ďtopped 1)í).
2) In heraldry the term used when an ordinary or a charge (or charges) is
(or are) placed over – that is in front of – another as per the examples given
below, and which generally (although not exclusively) touches the field – but see the notes below,
‘overall 2)’) (also
Notes a) The correct heraldic term for a charge (such as a crown or coronet)
placed above rather than over - that is in front of - another is ‘ensigned’. b) Also please note, it is suggested that a glossary or dictionary or heraldry be consulted with regard to comparative
use of the terms “overall” and “surmounted by”.
1) See Ďfictitious flagí.
2) A flag that is introduced as a replacement for one previously in use but now banned.
Surrogate/Fictitious flag of the Soviet Army (fotw);
Surrogate Civil Ensign 1945, Japan (fotw)
War Flag/State Flag/Naval Ensign of Norway (fotw); War Flag/Naval Ensign of
Naval Ensign of Sweden (fotw); Flag of
Čechy, Slovakia (fotw)
An ancient symbol in the form of an equal-armed cross with each arm continued at
a right angle, presently used (running anti-clockwise) as the emblem of a Chinese
humanitarian organization founded in 1922, (in a clock-wise form) on the presidential
flag of Finland, and until 1945 as the emblem of the German Nazi Party – a
crooked/hooked cross, fylfot or cross potent rebated (see also ‘arrow cross’,
‘cross 2)’, ‘rune(s)’
and ‘sun cross’).
A sharp-edged weapon consisting of a blade and a hilt (handle), that may be equipped with a handguard and
usually also a pommel. Swords vary much with period and region, although in general (vexillogical use) the name refers to a weapon
having a double-edged blade, with a hilt, cross-guard and pommel, and based upon a classical Roman short-sword -
the gladius (see also ‘sabre’, ‘scimitar’ and ‘zulfikar’.