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Dictionary of Vexillology: M (Mullet - Mythological Creatures)

Last modified: 2020-09-26 by rob raeside
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The heraldic term for a usually geometric charge in the form of a star that usually (but not exclusively) has five or six radiating points – but see ‘rowel’ and ‘estoile’ (also ‘star 1)’, ‘sun in splendour’ and ‘wavy’.

Orzens, Switzerland Medjimurje, Croatia Medjimurje, Croatia Valais, Switzerland
Flag of Orzens, Switzerland (fotw); Flag and Arms of Medjimurje, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Valais, Switzerland (fotw)

Please note, we suggest that a glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted regarding the terms given above.

A flag of four or more parallel stripes or bands, whether plain or defaced, horizontal, vertical or diagonal, and of equal or unequal width (see also ‘barry’, ‘bendy’, ‘covering’, ‘paly’, ‘partially covering’, ‘defaced’, ‘plain 2)’, ‘rainbow flag’, ‘stripe’ and ‘stripe’).

[Multi-stripe flags]
Civil Flag of Costa Rica (fotw); National Flag of Mauritius (fotw); Power Squadrons, US (fotw); Flag of Friesland, Netherlands (fotw).

Please note that flags bearing a fimbriated central stripe (such as those of Botswana, The Gambia or Suriname where the flanking stripes are narrower than the outer ones) should not be considered as multi-stripes, but as fimbriated tricolours or tribands (see also ‘fimbriation’, ‘stripe’, ‘triband’ and ‘tricolour’ ).

[Multi-stripe flag] [Multi-stripe flag] [Multi-stripe flag]
National Flag of Botswana (fotw); National of The Gambia (fotw); National Flag of Suriname (fotw)

(adj) The terms used to describe a fly that is cut into more than three tails or tongues (see also ‘gonfanon’, ‘square-tongued’, ‘swallowtail and tongue’ and tails).

[Multi-tailed flag] [Multi-tailed flag]
War and Merchant Flag of the Republic of Venice c1750 (fotw)

(adj) The term used to describe a fly that is cut into more than three tails with rounded ends (see also ‘double-tailed descate’, ‘fly’, ‘gonfanon’, square-tailed', ‘swallow-tail(ed)’ ‘swallowtail and tongue’ and tails).

[Multi-tailed descate]

See ‘civic arms’.

[arms of Bilov]
Arms of Bilov, Czechia (fotw)

See ‘mural crown 1)’.

[Flag of Versailles]
Flag of Versailles, France (fotw)

See ‘civic flag 1))’.

 [flag of Bilov]
Flag of Bilov, Czechia (fotw)

1) Generically and in European heraldry, the heraldic term for a coronet composed of battlemented walls showing masonry and generally from three to five towers, usually (but not exclusively) representative of a municipality or urban area - a civic, municipal or urban crown – but see 2) and the note below (also ‘astral crown’, ‘coronet’, ‘crown’, ‘crown of arms’, ‘hamburgian coronet’, ‘leafy crown’, ‘naval crown’, and ‘provincial crown’).
2) Specifically the heraldic term for a coronet with masoned, battlemented walls but without towers, often representative of a town or city and reputedly based on an ancient Roman triumphal ornament - but see ‘civic crown 1)’ (also ‘astral crown’, ‘coronet’, ‘crown’) and ‘naval crown’.

Valdevez, Portugal  [mural crown] [mural crown] [mural crown] [mural crown]
Flag and Arms of Arcos de Valdevez, Portugal (fotw & Wikipedia); Former Flag and Current Arms of Almeria, Spain (fotw and wiki); Heraldic Mural Crown (Parker)

Please note that in some European heraldic systems, the number of towers and/or the number of crenellations is dependent upon the size and civic status of the municipality represented.

The heraldic term for the colour mulberry-red - see ‘shades of tincture’.


1) See ‘suppositious flag’.
2) A newly introduced term that also covers the design of a historical flag which is based upon anecdotal evidence only but see 1) above (also ‘raven flag’).

raven flag suppositious Mississippi flag mythical civil flag
Raven Flag (fotw); Mythical/Suppositious State Flag of Mississippi 1861 1865 (fotw); Mythical Civil Flag of the US (fotw)

See ‘heraldic beasts’.

mythological creatures mythological creatures
Flag of Perugia, Italy (fotw); Arms of Volkovysskiy Rayon, Belarus (Vanya Poposki)

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