Please note that this ceremony began in the 17th Century, when a regiment’s colours were
marched slowly past assembled troops so that they could recognize them in battle – it is now
used to mark the official birthday of HM The Queen.
A flag captured in battle and displayed as a trophy – a captured flag (see also
Trophy Flag Captured at Blakely, Alabama 1 April 1865 (civil-war.com)
1) The wooden block or metal plate at the top of a flagpole (or mast) below
the finial, which includes a pulley (sheaved block) or a hole for the halyard
- often incorrectly used as a synonym for the ball or other finial at the top
of that flagpole (see also ‘Appendix I,
2) A short pole flexibly mounted on top of a mast for the flying of a flag
or pennant at sea and ashore – a pigstick (see also
'masthead, at the').
A tuft of hair, feathers or other similar materials used in the same manner
as a flag (see also ‘vexilloid 1)’).
Please note that the term is taken from the ancient Roman tufa which is considered to
have been a helmet crest, and to have been adopted in Britain as the tuuf.
1) An Ottoman vexilloid, now obsolete, of Mongoloid/Turkic origin that symbolized
civil or military authority, and consisted of a number of yak or horsetails at the top
of a staff - a horsetail standard (see also
‘standard 5)’ and
Please note that the schellenbaum (also known as a jingling jonny) in use by German Army
bands and some others, although also descended from the Ottoman horsetail standard,
is a musical instrument and not a vexilloid.
The term to describe two saltires, placed (usually diagonally) in the same panel – a double cross.
See ‘double cross 2)'.
Flag of the Independent State of Jefferson 1941 (fotw);
National Flag of the fictitious country Tomania from the film The Great Dictator (fotw)
TWO-AND-A-HALF ARMED CROSS
The term used in Eastern European heraldry – and a direct translation of the Polish póltrzecia krzyza –
that describes a Cross of Lorraine which has a third arm projecting on one side only - usually the sinister
(see also ‘cross 2)’,
‘cross of Lorraine’,
‘orthodox cross’ and
Please note (as may be seen from the references given above) that flags/pennants with two or three tails/tongues have many specific variants and it is strongly suggested that the individual entries be consulted before attempting any description.
1) A term used when the reverse of a flag differs from its obverse – but see the note below (also
The National Flag of Paraguay
with enlarged detail of the emblems on the obverse and on the reverse (fotw
Please note with regard to 1) that this term can include those flags where most of the
reverse is a mirror image of the obverse – for example those of Argentina, Egypt and
Brazil – but where the detail such as lettering or a charge, is made so that it can be
seen correctly on both sides.
The Globe as it should appear on both the obverse and reverse of the National Flag of Brazil (fotw)