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North Macedonia: Municipal flags

Last modified: 2019-09-08 by ivan sache
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Legislation on the local subdivisions

According to the legislation on the local subdivisions (1997) every municipality is entitled to adopt its own coat of arms and flag. Therefore, all municipalities that have adopted a coat of arms, as a rule, adopted also a flag. In most cases it was a monocoloured flag (mostly red) with the coat of arms in the middle.

Jovan Jonovski, 9 September 2001

Local Self-government Act
Zakon za lokalna samouprava

Article 10.
Coats of arms and flags of the municipalities.

(1) A municipality may have its coat of arms and its flag.
(2) The coat of arms and the flag of a municipality (henceforward: The coat of arms and the flag), are different from the coat of arms and the flag of the Republic of Macedonia and different from the coats of arms and the flags of other municipalities and the City of Skopje.
(3) The coat of arms and the flag are different also from the coats of arms and the flags of an other state, a unit of local self- government in an other state and an international organization.
(4) The mode and procedure to determine the coat of arms and the flag are prescribed in the statutes [of each local unit].
(5) The Ministry responsible for the local self-government shall maintain the register of the coats of arms and the flags of the municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia.
(6) The coat of arms and the flag may be used after they are registered in the register from paragraph (5) of this article.
(7) The Minister responsible for the local self-government shall prescribe the contents and maintenance rules for the maintenance of the register from paragraph (5) of the article.

Translated by Željko Heimer, 22 June 2002


Use of the municipal flags

In several occasions I noticed a third flag in front of the municipal buildings, mainly in rural municipalities located in the eastern part of North Macedonia. It is usual to display two flags - the North Macedonia national flag and the municipal flag. In Novo Selo, five or six years ago, I noticed that the third flag was a white vertical flag with the municipal coat of arms in the middle; the Chairman of the Municipal Council indeed explained me that the third flag is a banner (barjak) showing the municipal coat of arms, but he did not know why it was displayed as a flag.

[Library of Jegunovce]

Flags displayed by the Library of Jegunovce - Photo by Valentin Poposki, 24 November 2009

The Library Building in Jegunovce displays three flags - the North Macedonia flag, a Jegunovce "banner" and the Jegunovce municipal flag. The banner is white with the municipal coat of arms and the writing "Municipality of Jegunovce" below.

Valentin Poposki, 24 November 2009

My attempt to explain this odd practice is the following. Like in most other places in former Yugoslavia all public buildings are equiped with three flag poles in front of them (in Socialist Yugoslavia, they were used for the flags of Yugoslavia, of the Republic and of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia.
Nowdays, the hoisting of only the national and municipal flags would let one pole empty, which is apparently frequent in many parts of former Yugoslavia, so someone in North Macedonia invented a solution. They would add a third flag showing the local municipal coat of arms on a white field. This may indeed be a very unusual solution if the local flag is itself showing the coat of arms itself, but this may not be the case for many municipal flags.

Željko Heimer, 15 April 2007


The North Macedonia municipalities

There are currently 80 municipalities (opštini) in North Macedonia, as listed on the website of the Ministry of Local Self-Government (page no longer online). The Law on Territorial Organization passed on 11 August 2004 and published in the official gazette on 16 August 2004 abolished the previous 123 municipalities established by the Law on Territorial Division in September 1996.

List of the municipalities (Latin alphabet)

Aerodrom
Aračinovo (Harachinë)
Berovo
Bitola
Bogdanci
Bogovinje (Bogovina)
Bosilovo
Brvenica (Brevincë)
Butel
Centar
Centar Župa (Merkez Jupa)
Čair (Çairi)
Čaška
Češinovo-Obleševo
Čučer-Sandevo
Debar (Dibra)
Debarca
Delčevo
Demir Hisar
Demir Kapija
Dojran
Dolneni
Gjorče Petrov
Gazi Baba
Gevgelija
Gostivar
Gradsko
Ilinden
Jegunovce
Karbinci
Karpoš
Kavadarci
Kičevo (Kërçovë)
Kisela Voda
Kočani
Konče
Kratovo
Kriva Palanka
Krivogaštani
Kruševo
Kumanovo (Kumanova)
Lipkovo
Lozovo
Makedonska Kamenica
Makedonski Brod
Mavrovo and Rostuša
Mogila
Negotino
Novaci
Novo Selo
Ohrid
Pehčevo
Petrovec
Plasnica (Plasnitsa)
Prilep
Probištip
Radoviš
Rankovce
Resen
Rosoman
Saraj (Saraji)
Sopište
Staro Nagoričane
Struga (Strugë)
Strumica
Studeničani (Studeniçani)
Sveti Nikole
Štip
Šuto Orizari
Tearce (Tearcë)
Tetovo (Tetova)
Valandovo
Vasilevo
Veles
Vevčani
Vinica
Vraneštica
Vrapčište (Vrapçishti)
Zelenikovo
Zrnovci
Želino (Zhelina)

List of the municipalities (Cyrillic alphabet)

Аеродром
Арачиново
Берово
Битола
Богданци
Боговиње
Босилово
Брвеница
Бутел
Валандово
Василево
Вевчани
Велес
Виница
Вранештица
Гази Баба
Гевгелија
Гостивар
Градско
Ѓорче Петров
Дебар
Дебарца
Делчево
Демир капија
Демир хисар
Дојран
Долнени
Желино
Зелениково
Зрновси
Илинден
Јегуновце
Кавадарси
Карбинси
Карпош
Кисела вода
Кичево
Конче
Кочани
Кратово
Крива паланка
Кривогаштани
Крушево
Куманово
Липково
Лозово
Маврово и Ростуша
Македонска каменица
Македонски брод
Могила
Неготино
Новаци
Ново село
Охрид
Петровец
Пехчево
Плашница
Прилеп
Пробиштип
Радовиш
Ранковце
Ресен
Росоман
Сарај
Свети николе
Сопиште
Старо нагоричане
Струга
Струмица
Студеничани
Теарце
Тетово
Центар
Центар жура
Чаир
Чашка
Чешиново-Облешево
Чучер сандево
Штип
Шуто оризари

Ivan Sache, 10 August 2013


Flags of former municipalities

An earlier page of the website of the Ministry of Local Self-Government (no longer available) showed the flags of some municipalities. Some of those municipalities have lost their status in August 2004 or MArch 2013 and it is not known if they still use the flags shown on the source website:

Latin alphabet
Bač
Belčišta
Bistrica
Capari
Čegrane
Dobruševo
Drugovo
Džepčište (Xhepçishti)
Kosel
Kukurečani
Labuništa (Labunishti)
Lukovo (Llukova)
Mavrovi Anovi
Mešeišta
Miravci
Negotino-Pološko
Obleševo
Orizari
Oslomej (Osllomeji)
Rostuša
Sopotnica
Srbinovo
Šipkovica (Shipkovica)
Topolčani
Vitolište
Cyrillic alphabet
Бач
Белчишта
Бистрица
Витолиште
Добрушево
Другово
Косел
Кукуречани
Лабуништа
Луково
Маврови Анови
Мешеишта
Миравци
Неготино-полошко
Облешево
Оризари
Осломеј
Ростуша
Соротница
Србиново
Тополчани
Цапари
Чегране
Шипковица
Џепчиште

Ivan Sache, 10 August 2013


Flags of submunicipal entities


Association of the Units of Local Self-Government of the Republic of Macedonia - ZELS

[Flag of ZELS]

Flag of ZELS (reconstruction, no original seen) - Image by Eugene Ipavec, 26 February 2009

Article 2.3 of the ZELS by-laws (English version), adopted on 27 October 2004, states thet the name of the organization of the Macedonian municipalities is "Association of the Units of Local Self-Government of the Republic of Macedonia - ZELS".

Article 4 deals with the association flag and emblem.
(1) The Association has its own emblem and flag:
1. The emblem of the Association [emblem shown]
2. The flag of the Association is in blue colour, the length and width being in two-to-one ratio, with the emblem inserted at the center.

The emblem of ZELS is made of a central golden disk, surrounded by a 10 rays each made of three, smaller yellow disks.

Valentin Poposki & Ivan Sache, 25 February 2009


List of the North Macedonia statistical regions

North Macedonia is divided in eight arbitrary statistical regions:

Ivan Sache, 29 March 2007